Posterior wall isolation in persistent atrial fibrillation. Long-term outcomes of a repeat procedure strategy

6 Citationer (Scopus)


BACKGROUND: Posterior wall isolation (PWI) added to pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) is increasingly used in ablation for persistent atrial fibrillation (PeAF) despite limited evidence of clinical benefit. We investigated the 5-year outcomes of a PVI + PWI ablation strategy with mandatory repeat procedures in PeAF.

METHODS: Twenty-four patients with PeAF participated in this single-arm prospective study and underwent radiofrequency ablation (RFA) with wide area circumferential ablation (WACA), roof, and inferior lines for PVI + PWI which was reinforced if required during mandated repeat procedures after 6 months. Then, patients were followed for 60 months using continuous heart rhythm monitoring by implanted cardiac monitors (ICM) and atrial fibrillation effect on quality-of-life scoring (AFEQT; range: 20-100 points) for the initial 30 months.

RESULTS: ICM-verified cumulated AF recurrence was 54% after 30 months but the ensuing AF burden was only median 0‰ [0 to 4.8‰] overall and 1‰ [0 to 8 ‰] among patients with any recurrence. AFEQT scores increased from baseline 60 points [48 to 72] to 93 points [84 to 96] at repeat procedures P < 0.0001 and further to 96 points [93 to 99] P = 0.03 after 30 months. After 60 months, at least one episode of AF had been documented in 63% and two patients (8%) were in permanent AF.

CONCLUSION: Reinforced PVI + PWI was associated with low long-term AF burden and corresponding improvements in quality-of-life. Reinforced (or durable) PVI + PWI appears to be a promising strategy to treat PeAF.

TRIAL REGISTRATION: Identifier: NCT05045131.

TidsskriftJournal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology
Udgave nummer4
Sider (fra-til)971-979
Antal sider9
StatusUdgivet - jun. 2023


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