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Population genomics of the Viking world

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Harvard

Margaryan, A, Lawson, DJ, Sikora, M, Racimo, F, Rasmussen, S, Moltke, I, Cassidy, LM, Jørsboe, E, Ingason, A, Pedersen, MW, Korneliussen, T, Wilhelmson, H, Buś, MM, de Barros Damgaard, P, Martiniano, R, Renaud, G, Bhérer, C, Moreno-Mayar, JV, Fotakis, AK, Allen, M, Allmäe, R, Molak, M, Cappellini, E, Scorrano, G, McColl, H, Buzhilova, A, Fox, A, Albrechtsen, A, Schütz, B, Skar, B, Arcini, C, Falys, C, Jonson, CH, Błaszczyk, D, Pezhemsky, D, Turner-Walker, G, Gestsdóttir, H, Lundstrøm, I, Gustin, I, Mainland, I, Potekhina, I, Muntoni, IM, Cheng, J, Stenderup, J, Ma, J, Gibson, J, Peets, J, Gustafsson, J, Iversen, KH, Simpson, L, Strand, L, Loe, L, Sikora, M, Florek, M, Vretemark, M, Redknap, M, Bajka, M, Pushkina, T, Søvsø, M, Grigoreva, N, Christensen, T, Kastholm, O, Uldum, O, Favia, P, Holck, P, Sten, S, Arge, SV, Ellingvåg, S, Moiseyev, V, Bogdanowicz, W, Magnusson, Y, Orlando, L, Pentz, P, Jessen, MD, Pedersen, A, Collard, M, Bradley, DG, Jørkov, ML, Arneborg, J, Lynnerup, N, Price, N, Gilbert, MTP, Allentoft, ME, Bill, J, Sindbæk, SM, Hedeager, L, Kristiansen, K, Nielsen, R, Werge, T & Willerslev, E 2020, 'Population genomics of the Viking world', Nature, bind 585, nr. 7825, s. 390-396. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-020-2688-8

APA

Margaryan, A., Lawson, D. J., Sikora, M., Racimo, F., Rasmussen, S., Moltke, I., Cassidy, L. M., Jørsboe, E., Ingason, A., Pedersen, M. W., Korneliussen, T., Wilhelmson, H., Buś, M. M., de Barros Damgaard, P., Martiniano, R., Renaud, G., Bhérer, C., Moreno-Mayar, J. V., Fotakis, A. K., ... Willerslev, E. (2020). Population genomics of the Viking world. Nature, 585(7825), 390-396. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-020-2688-8

CBE

Margaryan A, Lawson DJ, Sikora M, Racimo F, Rasmussen S, Moltke I, Cassidy LM, Jørsboe E, Ingason A, Pedersen MW, Korneliussen T, Wilhelmson H, Buś MM, de Barros Damgaard P, Martiniano R, Renaud G, Bhérer C, Moreno-Mayar JV, Fotakis AK, Allen M, Allmäe R, Molak M, Cappellini E, Scorrano G, McColl H, Buzhilova A, Fox A, Albrechtsen A, Schütz B, Skar B, Arcini C, Falys C, Jonson CH, Błaszczyk D, Pezhemsky D, Turner-Walker G, Gestsdóttir H, Lundstrøm I, Gustin I, Mainland I, Potekhina I, Muntoni IM, Cheng J, Stenderup J, Ma J, Gibson J, Peets J, Gustafsson J, Iversen KH, Simpson L, Strand L, Loe L, Sikora M, Florek M, Vretemark M, Redknap M, Bajka M, Pushkina T, Søvsø M, Grigoreva N, Christensen T, Kastholm O, Uldum O, Favia P, Holck P, Sten S, Arge SV, Ellingvåg S, Moiseyev V, Bogdanowicz W, Magnusson Y, Orlando L, Pentz P, Jessen MD, Pedersen A, Collard M, Bradley DG, Jørkov ML, Arneborg J, Lynnerup N, Price N, Gilbert MTP, Allentoft ME, Bill J, Sindbæk SM, Hedeager L, Kristiansen K, Nielsen R, Werge T, Willerslev E. 2020. Population genomics of the Viking world. Nature. 585(7825):390-396. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-020-2688-8

MLA

Vancouver

Margaryan A, Lawson DJ, Sikora M, Racimo F, Rasmussen S, Moltke I o.a. Population genomics of the Viking world. Nature. 2020 sep;585(7825):390-396. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-020-2688-8

Author

Margaryan, Ashot ; Lawson, Daniel J ; Sikora, Martin ; Racimo, Fernando ; Rasmussen, Simon ; Moltke, Ida ; Cassidy, Lara M ; Jørsboe, Emil ; Ingason, Andrés ; Pedersen, Mikkel W ; Korneliussen, Thorfinn ; Wilhelmson, Helene ; Buś, Magdalena M ; de Barros Damgaard, Peter ; Martiniano, Rui ; Renaud, Gabriel ; Bhérer, Claude ; Moreno-Mayar, J Víctor ; Fotakis, Anna K ; Allen, Marie ; Allmäe, Raili ; Molak, Martyna ; Cappellini, Enrico ; Scorrano, Gabriele ; McColl, Hugh ; Buzhilova, Alexandra ; Fox, Allison ; Albrechtsen, Anders ; Schütz, Berit ; Skar, Birgitte ; Arcini, Caroline ; Falys, Ceri ; Jonson, Charlotte Hedenstierna ; Błaszczyk, Dariusz ; Pezhemsky, Denis ; Turner-Walker, Gordon ; Gestsdóttir, Hildur ; Lundstrøm, Inge ; Gustin, Ingrid ; Mainland, Ingrid ; Potekhina, Inna ; Muntoni, Italo M ; Cheng, Jade ; Stenderup, Jesper ; Ma, Jilong ; Gibson, Julie ; Peets, Jüri ; Gustafsson, Jörgen ; Iversen, Katrine H ; Simpson, Linzi ; Strand, Lisa ; Loe, Louise ; Sikora, Maeve ; Florek, Marek ; Vretemark, Maria ; Redknap, Mark ; Bajka, Monika ; Pushkina, Tamara ; Søvsø, Morten ; Grigoreva, Natalia ; Christensen, Tom ; Kastholm, Ole ; Uldum, Otto ; Favia, Pasquale ; Holck, Per ; Sten, Sabine ; Arge, Símun V ; Ellingvåg, Sturla ; Moiseyev, Vayacheslav ; Bogdanowicz, Wiesław ; Magnusson, Yvonne ; Orlando, Ludovic ; Pentz, Peter ; Jessen, Mads Dengsø ; Pedersen, Anne ; Collard, Mark ; Bradley, Daniel G ; Jørkov, Marie Louise ; Arneborg, Jette ; Lynnerup, Niels ; Price, Neil ; Gilbert, M Thomas P ; Allentoft, Morten E ; Bill, Jan ; Sindbæk, Søren M ; Hedeager, Lotte ; Kristiansen, Kristian ; Nielsen, Rasmus ; Werge, Thomas ; Willerslev, Eske. / Population genomics of the Viking world. I: Nature. 2020 ; Bind 585, Nr. 7825. s. 390-396.

Bibtex

@article{aba2ae48d2064aceb1bd8b71bc05c753,
title = "Population genomics of the Viking world",
abstract = "The maritime expansion of Scandinavian populations during the Viking Age (about ad 750–1050) was a far-flung transformation in world history1,2. Here we sequenced the genomes of 442 humans from archaeological sites across Europe and Greenland (to a median depth of about 1×) to understand the global influence of this expansion. We find the Viking period involved gene flow into Scandinavia from the south and east. We observe genetic structure within Scandinavia, with diversity hotspots in the south and restricted gene flow within Scandinavia. We find evidence for a major influx of Danish ancestry into England; a Swedish influx into the Baltic; and Norwegian influx into Ireland, Iceland and Greenland. Additionally, we see substantial ancestry from elsewhere in Europe entering Scandinavia during the Viking Age. Our ancient DNA analysis also revealed that a Viking expedition included close family members. By comparing with modern populations, we find that pigmentation-associated loci have undergone strong population differentiation during the past millennium, and trace positively selected loci—including the lactase-persistence allele of LCT and alleles of ANKA that are associated with the immune response—in detail. We conclude that the Viking diaspora was characterized by substantial transregional engagement: distinct populations influenced the genomic makeup of different regions of Europe, and Scandinavia experienced increased contact with the rest of the continent. {\textcopyright} 2020, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature Limited.",
keywords = "Alleles, Datasets as Topic, England, Evolution, Molecular, Gene Flow/genetics, Genetics, Population, Genome, Human/genetics, Genomics, Greenland, History, Medieval, Human Migration/history, Humans, Immunity/genetics, Ireland, Lactase/genetics, Male, Scandinavian and Nordic Countries, Selection, Genetic, Spatio-Temporal Analysis, Young Adult",
author = "Ashot Margaryan and Lawson, {Daniel J} and Martin Sikora and Fernando Racimo and Simon Rasmussen and Ida Moltke and Cassidy, {Lara M} and Emil J{\o}rsboe and Andr{\'e}s Ingason and Pedersen, {Mikkel W} and Thorfinn Korneliussen and Helene Wilhelmson and Bu{\'s}, {Magdalena M} and {de Barros Damgaard}, Peter and Rui Martiniano and Gabriel Renaud and Claude Bh{\'e}rer and Moreno-Mayar, {J V{\'i}ctor} and Fotakis, {Anna K} and Marie Allen and Raili Allm{\"a}e and Martyna Molak and Enrico Cappellini and Gabriele Scorrano and Hugh McColl and Alexandra Buzhilova and Allison Fox and Anders Albrechtsen and Berit Sch{\"u}tz and Birgitte Skar and Caroline Arcini and Ceri Falys and Jonson, {Charlotte Hedenstierna} and Dariusz B{\l}aszczyk and Denis Pezhemsky and Gordon Turner-Walker and Hildur Gestsd{\'o}ttir and Inge Lundstr{\o}m and Ingrid Gustin and Ingrid Mainland and Inna Potekhina and Muntoni, {Italo M} and Jade Cheng and Jesper Stenderup and Jilong Ma and Julie Gibson and J{\"u}ri Peets and J{\"o}rgen Gustafsson and Iversen, {Katrine H} and Linzi Simpson and Lisa Strand and Louise Loe and Maeve Sikora and Marek Florek and Maria Vretemark and Mark Redknap and Monika Bajka and Tamara Pushkina and Morten S{\o}vs{\o} and Natalia Grigoreva and Tom Christensen and Ole Kastholm and Otto Uldum and Pasquale Favia and Per Holck and Sabine Sten and Arge, {S{\'i}mun V} and Sturla Ellingv{\aa}g and Vayacheslav Moiseyev and Wies{\l}aw Bogdanowicz and Yvonne Magnusson and Ludovic Orlando and Peter Pentz and Jessen, {Mads Dengs{\o}} and Anne Pedersen and Mark Collard and Bradley, {Daniel G} and J{\o}rkov, {Marie Louise} and Jette Arneborg and Niels Lynnerup and Neil Price and Gilbert, {M Thomas P} and Allentoft, {Morten E} and Jan Bill and Sindb{\ae}k, {S{\o}ren M} and Lotte Hedeager and Kristian Kristiansen and Rasmus Nielsen and Thomas Werge and Eske Willerslev",
year = "2020",
month = sep,
doi = "10.1038/s41586-020-2688-8",
language = "English",
volume = "585",
pages = "390--396",
journal = "Nature",
issn = "0028-0836",
publisher = "Nature Publishing Group",
number = "7825",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Population genomics of the Viking world

AU - Margaryan, Ashot

AU - Lawson, Daniel J

AU - Sikora, Martin

AU - Racimo, Fernando

AU - Rasmussen, Simon

AU - Moltke, Ida

AU - Cassidy, Lara M

AU - Jørsboe, Emil

AU - Ingason, Andrés

AU - Pedersen, Mikkel W

AU - Korneliussen, Thorfinn

AU - Wilhelmson, Helene

AU - Buś, Magdalena M

AU - de Barros Damgaard, Peter

AU - Martiniano, Rui

AU - Renaud, Gabriel

AU - Bhérer, Claude

AU - Moreno-Mayar, J Víctor

AU - Fotakis, Anna K

AU - Allen, Marie

AU - Allmäe, Raili

AU - Molak, Martyna

AU - Cappellini, Enrico

AU - Scorrano, Gabriele

AU - McColl, Hugh

AU - Buzhilova, Alexandra

AU - Fox, Allison

AU - Albrechtsen, Anders

AU - Schütz, Berit

AU - Skar, Birgitte

AU - Arcini, Caroline

AU - Falys, Ceri

AU - Jonson, Charlotte Hedenstierna

AU - Błaszczyk, Dariusz

AU - Pezhemsky, Denis

AU - Turner-Walker, Gordon

AU - Gestsdóttir, Hildur

AU - Lundstrøm, Inge

AU - Gustin, Ingrid

AU - Mainland, Ingrid

AU - Potekhina, Inna

AU - Muntoni, Italo M

AU - Cheng, Jade

AU - Stenderup, Jesper

AU - Ma, Jilong

AU - Gibson, Julie

AU - Peets, Jüri

AU - Gustafsson, Jörgen

AU - Iversen, Katrine H

AU - Simpson, Linzi

AU - Strand, Lisa

AU - Loe, Louise

AU - Sikora, Maeve

AU - Florek, Marek

AU - Vretemark, Maria

AU - Redknap, Mark

AU - Bajka, Monika

AU - Pushkina, Tamara

AU - Søvsø, Morten

AU - Grigoreva, Natalia

AU - Christensen, Tom

AU - Kastholm, Ole

AU - Uldum, Otto

AU - Favia, Pasquale

AU - Holck, Per

AU - Sten, Sabine

AU - Arge, Símun V

AU - Ellingvåg, Sturla

AU - Moiseyev, Vayacheslav

AU - Bogdanowicz, Wiesław

AU - Magnusson, Yvonne

AU - Orlando, Ludovic

AU - Pentz, Peter

AU - Jessen, Mads Dengsø

AU - Pedersen, Anne

AU - Collard, Mark

AU - Bradley, Daniel G

AU - Jørkov, Marie Louise

AU - Arneborg, Jette

AU - Lynnerup, Niels

AU - Price, Neil

AU - Gilbert, M Thomas P

AU - Allentoft, Morten E

AU - Bill, Jan

AU - Sindbæk, Søren M

AU - Hedeager, Lotte

AU - Kristiansen, Kristian

AU - Nielsen, Rasmus

AU - Werge, Thomas

AU - Willerslev, Eske

PY - 2020/9

Y1 - 2020/9

N2 - The maritime expansion of Scandinavian populations during the Viking Age (about ad 750–1050) was a far-flung transformation in world history1,2. Here we sequenced the genomes of 442 humans from archaeological sites across Europe and Greenland (to a median depth of about 1×) to understand the global influence of this expansion. We find the Viking period involved gene flow into Scandinavia from the south and east. We observe genetic structure within Scandinavia, with diversity hotspots in the south and restricted gene flow within Scandinavia. We find evidence for a major influx of Danish ancestry into England; a Swedish influx into the Baltic; and Norwegian influx into Ireland, Iceland and Greenland. Additionally, we see substantial ancestry from elsewhere in Europe entering Scandinavia during the Viking Age. Our ancient DNA analysis also revealed that a Viking expedition included close family members. By comparing with modern populations, we find that pigmentation-associated loci have undergone strong population differentiation during the past millennium, and trace positively selected loci—including the lactase-persistence allele of LCT and alleles of ANKA that are associated with the immune response—in detail. We conclude that the Viking diaspora was characterized by substantial transregional engagement: distinct populations influenced the genomic makeup of different regions of Europe, and Scandinavia experienced increased contact with the rest of the continent. © 2020, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature Limited.

AB - The maritime expansion of Scandinavian populations during the Viking Age (about ad 750–1050) was a far-flung transformation in world history1,2. Here we sequenced the genomes of 442 humans from archaeological sites across Europe and Greenland (to a median depth of about 1×) to understand the global influence of this expansion. We find the Viking period involved gene flow into Scandinavia from the south and east. We observe genetic structure within Scandinavia, with diversity hotspots in the south and restricted gene flow within Scandinavia. We find evidence for a major influx of Danish ancestry into England; a Swedish influx into the Baltic; and Norwegian influx into Ireland, Iceland and Greenland. Additionally, we see substantial ancestry from elsewhere in Europe entering Scandinavia during the Viking Age. Our ancient DNA analysis also revealed that a Viking expedition included close family members. By comparing with modern populations, we find that pigmentation-associated loci have undergone strong population differentiation during the past millennium, and trace positively selected loci—including the lactase-persistence allele of LCT and alleles of ANKA that are associated with the immune response—in detail. We conclude that the Viking diaspora was characterized by substantial transregional engagement: distinct populations influenced the genomic makeup of different regions of Europe, and Scandinavia experienced increased contact with the rest of the continent. © 2020, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature Limited.

KW - Alleles

KW - Datasets as Topic

KW - England

KW - Evolution, Molecular

KW - Gene Flow/genetics

KW - Genetics, Population

KW - Genome, Human/genetics

KW - Genomics

KW - Greenland

KW - History, Medieval

KW - Human Migration/history

KW - Humans

KW - Immunity/genetics

KW - Ireland

KW - Lactase/genetics

KW - Male

KW - Scandinavian and Nordic Countries

KW - Selection, Genetic

KW - Spatio-Temporal Analysis

KW - Young Adult

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85091129874&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1038/s41586-020-2688-8

DO - 10.1038/s41586-020-2688-8

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 33707634

VL - 585

SP - 390

EP - 396

JO - Nature

JF - Nature

SN - 0028-0836

IS - 7825

ER -

ID: 65846417