Polyp pathogenesis--a histopathological study in experimental otitis media

P Cayé-Thomasen, A Hermansson, M Tos, K Prellner


We examined the mucosa of 50 rat middle ears in an experimental model of acute otitis media, in order to obtain information on the mechanisms of polyp formation. The right middle ear of 25 rats was inoculated with type 3 pneumococci, and the left ear served as a control. The animals were killed, the middle ear bulla removed, and the mucosa was dissected from the bone, stained PAS-alcian blue and embedded as a whole-mount. The whole-mounts were examined in a light microscope for polypous mucosal prominences. Serial sections were made of all polyps, and of relevant parts of the mucosa. 15 polyps were found in 11 (44%) of 25 infected ears; none were found in normal control ears. Goblet cell density was increased in polyps and the surrounding epithelium. Epithelial microruptures were seen in areas with widespread intra-epithelial liquid vacuoles and subepithelial accumulation of liquids, luminally migrating inflammatory cells, increased vascularization and edema. Connective tissue of the lamina propria was prolapsed through most ruptures. Some prolapses showed signs of re-epithelialization, while others had a full epithelial lining that resembled a fully developed polyp. Our findings support our earlier theory on nasal polyp pathogenesis, based on the following stages: i) Localized rupture of the epithelial lining. ii) Luminal protrusion of the lamina propria through the epithelial defect. iii) Re-epithelialization of protruded tissue, and formation of a polyp.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

TidsskriftActa Oto-Laryngologica
Udgave nummer1
Sider (fra-til)76-82
Antal sider7
StatusUdgivet - jan. 1995
Udgivet eksterntJa


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