Phase II study of a 3-day schedule with topotecan and cisplatin in patients with previously untreated small cell lung cancer and extensive disease

Morten Sorensen, Ulrik Lassen, Peter Buhl Jensen, Kell Østerlind, Nina Jeppesen, Britta Bjerregaard Jensen, Anders Mellemgaard, Carsten Rytter, Seppo Wang Langer

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Treatment with a topoisomerase I inhibitor in combination with a platinum results in superior or equal survival compared with etoposide-based treatment in extensive disease small cell lung cancer (SCLC). Five-day topotecan is inconvenient and therefore shorter schedules of topotecan and cisplatin are needed. The aim of this phase II study was to establish the response rate and response duration in chemo-naive patients with SCLC receiving a 3-day topotecan and cisplatin schedule.

METHODS: Simons optimal two-stage design was used. Patients with previously untreated extensive disease SCLC, adequate organ functions and performance status less than 3 were eligible. Topotecan (2.0 mg/m, intravenously) was administered on days 1 to 3 with cisplatin (50 mg/m, intravenously) on day 3 every 3 weeks for a total of six cycles.

RESULTS: Forty-three patients received 219 cycles of chemotherapy. Median age was 59 (range 44-74), 79% had performance status 0 or 1. Thirty-one patients completed all six cycles. Grade 3/4 anemia, neutrocytopenia, and thrombocytopenia were recorded in 9.5%, 66.7%, and 21.4% of patients, respectively. Fourteen percent of patients experienced neutropenic fever. No episodes of fatal sepsis occurred. Non-hematologic toxicity was mild and manageable. Overall and complete response rates were 72.1% and 9.3%, respectively. The median overall survival and response duration were 10.3 months (95% confidence interval: 8.6-12.0) and 7.0 months (95% confidence interval: 6.3-7.7), respectively.

CONCLUSION: Three-day topotecan with cisplatin on day 3 is active and safe in extensive disease SCLC. An ongoing phase III randomized trial compares this combination to standard treatment.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftJournal of thoracic oncology : official publication of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
Vol/bind3
Udgave nummer8
Sider (fra-til)902-6
Antal sider5
ISSN1556-0864
DOI
StatusUdgivet - aug. 2008
Udgivet eksterntJa

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