Pharmacological inhibition of SK-channels with AP14145 prevents atrial arrhythmogenic changes in a porcine model for obstructive respiratory events

Benedikt Linz*, Eva Melis Hesselkilde, Mark Alexander Skarsfeldt, Julie Norup Hertel, Stefan Michael Sattler, Yannan Yan, Jacob Tfelt-Hansen, Jonas Goldin Diness, Bo Hjorth Bentzen, Dominik Linz, Thomas Jespersen

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) creates a complex substrate for atrial fibrillation (AF), which is refractory to many clinically available pharmacological interventions. We investigated atrial antiarrhythmogenic properties and ventricular electrophysiological safety of small-conductance Ca2+ -activated K+ (SK)-channel inhibition in a porcine model for obstructive respiratory events.

METHODS: In spontaneously breathing pigs, obstructive respiratory events were simulated by intermittent negative upper airway pressure (INAP) applied via a pressure device connected to the intubation tube. INAP was applied for 75 s, every 10 min, three times before and three times during infusion of the SK-channel inhibitor AP14145. Atrial effective refractory periods (AERP) were acquired before (pre-INAP), during (INAP) and after (post-) INAP. AF-inducibility was determined by a S1S2 atrial pacing protocol. Ventricular arrhythmicity was evaluated by heart rate adjusted QT-interval duration (QT-paced) and electromechanical window (EMW) shortening.

RESULTS: During vehicle infusion, INAP transiently shortened AERP (pre-INAP: 135 ± 10 ms vs. post-INAP 101 ± 11 ms; p = .008) and increased AF-inducibility. QT-paced prolonged during INAP (pre-INAP 270 ± 7 ms vs. INAP 275 ± 7 ms; p = .04) and EMW shortened progressively throughout INAP and post-INAP (pre-INAP 80 ± 4 ms; INAP 59 ± 6 ms, post-INAP 46 ± 10 ms). AP14145 prolonged baseline AERP, partially prevented INAP-induced AERP-shortening and reduced AF-susceptibility. AP14145 did not alter QT-paced at baseline (pre-AP14145 270 ± 7 ms vs. AP14145 268 ± 6 ms, p = .83) or QT-paced and EMW-shortening during INAP.

CONCLUSION: In a pig model for obstructive respiratory events, the SK-channel-inhibitor AP14145 prevented INAP-associated AERP-shortening and AF-susceptibility without impairing ventricular electrophysiology. Whether SK-channels represent a target for OSA-related AF in humans warrants further study.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftJournal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
Vol/bind34
Udgave nummer1
Sider (fra-til)126-134
Antal sider9
ISSN1045-3873
DOI
StatusUdgivet - jan. 2023

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