Perioperative Hypersensitivity Evaluation and Management: A Practical Approach

Gerald W Volcheck, Birgitte Bech Melchiors, Sophie Farooque, Alexei Gonzalez-Estrada, Paul Michel Mertes, Louise Savic, Charles Tacquard, Lene Heise Garvey

Abstract

Perioperative hypersensitivity (POH) is an uncommon, potentially life-threatening event. Identification of POH can be difficult given the lack of familiarity, physiological effects of anesthesia, draping of the patient during surgery, and potential nonimmunological factors contributing to signs and symptoms. Given the unique nature and large number of medications administered in the perioperative setting, evaluation of POH can be challenging. In this paper, we present a practical approach to management with an emphasis on understanding what happens in the operating room, the overlap of signs and symptoms between nonimmunological and immunological reactions, acute management, and subsequent evaluation. In addition, we provide a strategy for further review of an initially negative evaluation and emphasize the importance of establishing management plans for the patient as well as providing recommendations to the medical, anesthesia, and surgical teams for future surgeries. A critical factor for successful management at all points in the process is a close collaboration between the anesthesia and the allergy teams.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftThe journal of allergy and clinical immunology. In practice
Vol/bind11
Udgave nummer2
Sider (fra-til)382-392
Antal sider11
ISSN2213-2198
DOI
StatusUdgivet - feb. 2023

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