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Region Hovedstaden - en del af Københavns Universitetshospital
Udgivet

Perioperative Alcohol and Smoking Cessation Intervention: Impact on Other Lifestyles

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftReviewpeer review

DOI

  1. Development of Sarcopenia in Patients With Bladder Cancer: A Systematic Review

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftReviewpeer review

  2. Status of Metastatic Bladder Cancer Treatment Illustrated by a Case

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftReviewpeer review

  3. Surgical Management of Muscle Invasive Bladder Cancer: A Review of Current Recommendations

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftReviewpeer review

Vis graf over relationer

OBJECTIVE: Cigarette smoking and alcohol drinking are preventable risk factors in surgery. It is unknown whether intervening on these two risk factors also have an effect on other lifestyles. Therefore, the primary aim of this study was to compare the effect of an intensive alcohol and smoking cessation intervention on other lifestyles (malnutrition, obesity, and physical inactivity) with treatment as usual, among patients scheduled for radical cystectomy. The secondary aim was to evaluate associations between successful quitting and changes in other lifestyles.

DATA SOURCES: Data on 94 patients with bladder cancer undergoing radical cystectomy originated from the STOP-OP study, a randomized intervention trial that enrolled patients from four Danish hospitals. Patients were enrolled between November 2014 and July 2017.

CONCLUSION: We found no significant differences regarding the three lifestyle factors; risk of malnutrition, obesity, and physical inactivity between patients in the intervention and standard care at the end of the intervention at 6 weeks, 3 months, 6 months, and 12 months. Also, there were no significant associations between successful quitters and non-quitters for alcohol and smoking and the other three lifestyles; risk of malnutrition, obesity, and physical inactivity.

IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING PRACTICE: Findings from this study show that cancer surgery is a good opportunity to address lifestyle changes and that more research into the effect of multimodal interventions are needed. Guidelines on how to support patients to change lifestyle in relation to surgery should be part of nursing practice.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftSeminars in Oncology Nursing
Vol/bind37
Udgave nummer1
Sider (fra-til)151116
ISSN0749-2081
DOI
StatusUdgivet - feb. 2021

ID: 65751418