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Performance of computed tomography-derived fractional flow reserve using reduced-order modelling and static computed tomography stress myocardial perfusion imaging for detection of haemodynamically significant coronary stenosis

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review


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Aims: To compare the diagnostic performance of a reduced-order computed tomography-derived fractional flow reserve (CT-FFR) technique derived from luminal deformation and static CT stress myocardial perfusion (CTP).

Methods and results: Forty-six patients (84 vessels) with suspected coronary artery disease from a single institution planned for elective coronary angiography prospectively underwent research indicated invasive fractional flow reserve (FFR) and 320-detector CT coronary angiography (CTA) and static CTP. Analyses were performed in separate blinded core laboratories for CT-FFR and CTP. CT-FFR was derived using a reduced-order model with dedicated software on a standard desktop computer. CTP was assessed visually and quantitatively by transmural perfusion ratio (TPR). Invasive FFR was significant in 33% (28/84) of vessels. Overall per-vessel sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, and diagnostic accuracy for CT-FFR were 81%, 84%, 71%, 90%, and 83%, respectively, those of visual CTP were 54%, 92%, 79%, 77%, and 78%, respectively, and TPR were 64%, 48%, 42%, 70%, and 54%, respectively. Per-vessel receiver operator curve analysis demonstrated a significantly larger area under the curve (AUC) for CT-FFR (0.89) with that for visual CTP (0.72; P = 0.016), TPR (0.55; P < 0.0001), and CTA (0.76; P = 0.04). The addition of CT-FFR to CTA provided superior improvement in performance (AUC 0.93; P < 0.0001) compared with CTA alone, a combination of CTA with visual CTP (AUC 0.82; P = 0.007) and CTA with TPR (AUC 0.78; P = 0.0006).

Conclusion: Based on this selected cohort of patients, a reduced-order CT-FFR technique is superior to visual and quantitatively assessed static CTP in detecting haemodynamically significant coronary stenosis as assessed by invasive FFR.

TidsskriftEuropean heart journal cardiovascular Imaging
Udgave nummer11
Sider (fra-til)1234-1243
Antal sider10
StatusUdgivet - 1 nov. 2018

ID: 56380218