Performance of a System for Rapid Phenotypic Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing of Gram-Negative Bacteria Directly from Positive Blood Culture Bottles

J Göransson, M Sundqvist, E Ghaderi, J G Lisby, Y Molin, E Eriksson, S Carlsson, A Cederlöf, L Ellis, J Melin

3 Citationer (Scopus)

Abstract

The rapid administration of optimal antimicrobial treatment is paramount for the treatment of bloodstream infections (BSIs), and rapid antimicrobial susceptibility testing (AST) results are essential. Q-linea has developed the ASTar system, a rapid phenotypic AST device. Here, we report the performance of the ASTar BC G- (Gram-negative) kit when assessed according to the ISO 20776-2:2007 standard for performance evaluation of in vitro diagnostic AST devices. The evaluated ASTar BC G- kit uses a broad panel of 23 antimicrobials for the treatment of BSIs caused by Gram-negative fastidious and nonfastidious bacteria across a range of 6 to 14 2-fold dilutions, including cefoxitin as a screening agent for AmpC-producing Enterobacterales. The ASTar system processes blood culture samples to generate data on MICs and susceptible, intermediate, or resistant (SIR) category. The automated protocol includes concentration determination and concentration adjustment to enable a controlled inoculum, followed by broth microdilution (BMD) and microscopy performed continuously to generate MIC values within approximately 6 h once the test is run on the ASTar system. The performance of the ASTar system was assessed against the ISO 20776-2:2007 standard BMD reference method. Testing was performed across three sites, with results from 412 contrived blood cultures and 74 fresh clinical blood cultures. The ASTar system was also tested for reproducibility, with triplicate testing of 11 strains. The accuracy study comprised 8,650 data points of bacterium-antimicrobial tests. The ASTar system demonstrated an overall essential agreement (EA) of 95.8% (8,283/8,650) and a categorical agreement (CA) of 97.6% (8,433/8,639) compared to the reference BMD method. The overall rate of major discrepancies (MDs) was 0.9% (62/6,845), and that of very major discrepancies (VMDs) was 2.4% (30/1,239). This study shows that the ASTar system delivers reproducible results with overall EA and CA of >95%.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftJournal of Clinical Microbiology
Vol/bind61
Udgave nummer3
Sider (fra-til)e0152522
ISSN0095-1137
DOI
StatusUdgivet - mar. 2023

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