Background and purpose - When nonoperative treatment of proximal humerus fracture (PHF) fails, shoulder arthroplasty may be indicated. We investigated risk factors for revision and evaluated patient-reported outcome 1 year after treatment with either stemmed hemiarthroplasty (SHA) or reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA) after previous nonoperative treatment of PHF sequelae.Patients and methods - Data were derived from the Danish Shoulder Arthroplasty Registry and included 837 shoulder arthroplasties performed for PHF sequelae between 2006 and 2015. Type of arthroplasty, sex, age, and surgery period were investigated as risk factors. The Western Ontario Osteoarthritis of the Shoulder index (WOOS) was used to evaluate patient-reported outcome (0-100, 0 indicates worst outcome). Cox regression and linear regression models were used in the statistical analyses.Results - 644 patients undergoing SHA and 127 patients undergoing RTSA were included. During a mean follow-up of 3.7 years, 48 (7%) SHA and 14 (11%) RTSA were revised. Men undergoing RTSA had a higher revision rate than men undergoing SHA (hazard ratio [HR] 6, 95% confidence interval [CI] 2-19). 454 (62%) patients returned a complete WOOS questionnaire. The mean WOOS score was 53 for SHA and 53 for RTSA. Patients who were 65 years or older had a better WOOS score than younger patients (mean difference 7, CI 1-12). Half of patients had WOOS scores below 50.Interpretation - Shoulder arthroplasty for PHF sequelae was associated with a high risk of revision and a poor patient-reported outcome. Men treated with RTSA had a high risk of revision.
|Status||Udgivet - jun. 2020|