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Patient Acceptable Symptom State at 1 and 3 Years After Total Knee Arthroplasty: Thresholds for the Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS)

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DOI

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BACKGROUND: To facilitate the interpretation of numerical patient-reported outcome measure (PROM) scales, concepts such as the patient acceptable symptom state (PASS) have been introduced. Currently, no PASS thresholds have been established for the Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) after total knee arthroplasty. The aims of the current study were to define PASS thresholds for the KOOS subscales and several other generic and knee-specific PROMs at 1 and 3 years after total knee arthroplasty using data from an international, multicenter clinical outcome study of a modern, well-performing implant system.

METHODS: The study cohort consisted of 499 patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty from an international, multicenter study. At 1 and 3 years after a total knee arthroplasty, patients completed the KOOS, EuroQoL 5-dimension 3-level (EQ-5D-3L), EuroQol visual analog scale (EQ-VAS), and numerical rating scales (NRS) for knee-related pain and satisfaction. PASS thresholds were calculated at each follow-up interval using 3 anchor-based approaches, using patient-reported satisfaction as the anchor.

RESULTS: According to our satisfaction anchor, 302 (78.9%) of 383 responding patients were satisfied at 1 year, and 242 (80.4%) of 301 responding patients were satisfied at 3 years. PASS thresholds were 84.5 points at 1 year and 87.5 points at 3 years for KOOS pain, 80.5 points at 1 year and 84.0 points at 3 years for KOOS symptoms, 83.0 points at 1 year and 87.5 points at 3 years for KOOS activities of daily living, 66.0 points at 1 year and 66.0 points at 3 years for KOOS quality of life, 83.0 points at 1 year and 90.5 points at 3 years for EQ-VAS, 0.80 point at 1 year and 0.80 point at 3 years for EQ-5D, and 1.8 points at 1 year and 1.8 points at 3 years for NRS pain.

CONCLUSIONS: The current study is the first, to our knowledge, to propose PASS thresholds for the KOOS subscales at 1 and 3 years after total knee arthroplasty and contributes to PASS literature on other common PROMs. These findings will provide a useful reference for future total knee arthroplasty outcome studies and will help to determine what patients consider to be satisfactory operations.

LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Therapeutic Level IV. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftThe Journal of bone and joint surgery. American volume
Vol/bind101
Udgave nummer11
Sider (fra-til)995-1003
Antal sider9
ISSN0021-9355
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 5 jun. 2019

ID: 57329322