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Pan-cancer analysis of whole genomes identifies driver rearrangements promoted by LINE-1 retrotransposition

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@article{8e669687ced145adbf9917541e5ddc7f,
title = "Pan-cancer analysis of whole genomes identifies driver rearrangements promoted by LINE-1 retrotransposition",
abstract = "About half of all cancers have somatic integrations of retrotransposons. Here, to characterize their role in oncogenesis, we analyzed the patterns and mechanisms of somatic retrotransposition in 2,954 cancer genomes from 38 histological cancer subtypes within the framework of the Pan-Cancer Analysis of Whole Genomes (PCAWG) project. We identified 19,166 somatically acquired retrotransposition events, which affected 35% of samples and spanned a range of event types. Long interspersed nuclear element (LINE-1; L1 hereafter) insertions emerged as the first most frequent type of somatic structural variation in esophageal adenocarcinoma, and the second most frequent in head-and-neck and colorectal cancers. Aberrant L1 integrations can delete megabase-scale regions of a chromosome, which sometimes leads to the removal of tumor-suppressor genes, and can induce complex translocations and large-scale duplications. Somatic retrotranspositions can also initiate breakage-fusion-bridge cycles, leading to high-level amplification of oncogenes. These observations illuminate a relevant role of L1 retrotransposition in remodeling the cancer genome, with potential implications for the development of human tumors.",
author = "Bernardo Rodriguez-Martin and Alvarez, {Eva G} and Adrian Baez-Ortega and Jorge Zamora and Fran Supek and Jonas Demeulemeester and Martin Santamarina and Ju, {Young Seok} and Javier Temes and Daniel Garcia-Souto and Harald Detering and Yilong Li and Jorge Rodriguez-Castro and Ana Dueso-Barroso and Bruzos, {Alicia L} and Dentro, {Stefan C} and Blanco, {Miguel G} and Gianmarco Contino and Daniel Ardeljan and Marta Tojo and Roberts, {Nicola D} and Sonia Zumalave and Edwards, {Paul A W} and Joachim Weischenfeldt and Montserrat Puiggr{\`o}s and Zechen Chong and Ken Chen and Lee, {Eunjung Alice} and Wala, {Jeremiah A} and Keiran Raine and Adam Butler and Waszak, {Sebastian M} and Navarro, {Fabio C P} and Schumacher, {Steven E} and Jean Monlong and Francesco Maura and Niccolo Bolli and Guillaume Bourque and Mark Gerstein and Park, {Peter J} and Wedge, {David C} and Rameen Beroukhim and David Torrents and Korbel, {Jan O} and Inigo Martincorena and Fitzgerald, {Rebecca C} and {Van Loo}, Peter and Kazazian, {Haig H} and Burns, {Kathleen H} and Campbell, {Peter J} and {PCAWG-Structural Variation Working Group} and Joachim Weischenfeldt",
year = "2020",
month = feb,
day = "5",
doi = "10.1038/s41588-019-0562-0",
language = "English",
journal = "Nature Genetics",
issn = "1061-4036",
publisher = "Nature Publishing Group",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Pan-cancer analysis of whole genomes identifies driver rearrangements promoted by LINE-1 retrotransposition

AU - Rodriguez-Martin, Bernardo

AU - Alvarez, Eva G

AU - Baez-Ortega, Adrian

AU - Zamora, Jorge

AU - Supek, Fran

AU - Demeulemeester, Jonas

AU - Santamarina, Martin

AU - Ju, Young Seok

AU - Temes, Javier

AU - Garcia-Souto, Daniel

AU - Detering, Harald

AU - Li, Yilong

AU - Rodriguez-Castro, Jorge

AU - Dueso-Barroso, Ana

AU - Bruzos, Alicia L

AU - Dentro, Stefan C

AU - Blanco, Miguel G

AU - Contino, Gianmarco

AU - Ardeljan, Daniel

AU - Tojo, Marta

AU - Roberts, Nicola D

AU - Zumalave, Sonia

AU - Edwards, Paul A W

AU - Weischenfeldt, Joachim

AU - Puiggròs, Montserrat

AU - Chong, Zechen

AU - Chen, Ken

AU - Lee, Eunjung Alice

AU - Wala, Jeremiah A

AU - Raine, Keiran

AU - Butler, Adam

AU - Waszak, Sebastian M

AU - Navarro, Fabio C P

AU - Schumacher, Steven E

AU - Monlong, Jean

AU - Maura, Francesco

AU - Bolli, Niccolo

AU - Bourque, Guillaume

AU - Gerstein, Mark

AU - Park, Peter J

AU - Wedge, David C

AU - Beroukhim, Rameen

AU - Torrents, David

AU - Korbel, Jan O

AU - Martincorena, Inigo

AU - Fitzgerald, Rebecca C

AU - Van Loo, Peter

AU - Kazazian, Haig H

AU - Burns, Kathleen H

AU - Campbell, Peter J

AU - PCAWG-Structural Variation Working Group

A2 - Weischenfeldt, Joachim

PY - 2020/2/5

Y1 - 2020/2/5

N2 - About half of all cancers have somatic integrations of retrotransposons. Here, to characterize their role in oncogenesis, we analyzed the patterns and mechanisms of somatic retrotransposition in 2,954 cancer genomes from 38 histological cancer subtypes within the framework of the Pan-Cancer Analysis of Whole Genomes (PCAWG) project. We identified 19,166 somatically acquired retrotransposition events, which affected 35% of samples and spanned a range of event types. Long interspersed nuclear element (LINE-1; L1 hereafter) insertions emerged as the first most frequent type of somatic structural variation in esophageal adenocarcinoma, and the second most frequent in head-and-neck and colorectal cancers. Aberrant L1 integrations can delete megabase-scale regions of a chromosome, which sometimes leads to the removal of tumor-suppressor genes, and can induce complex translocations and large-scale duplications. Somatic retrotranspositions can also initiate breakage-fusion-bridge cycles, leading to high-level amplification of oncogenes. These observations illuminate a relevant role of L1 retrotransposition in remodeling the cancer genome, with potential implications for the development of human tumors.

AB - About half of all cancers have somatic integrations of retrotransposons. Here, to characterize their role in oncogenesis, we analyzed the patterns and mechanisms of somatic retrotransposition in 2,954 cancer genomes from 38 histological cancer subtypes within the framework of the Pan-Cancer Analysis of Whole Genomes (PCAWG) project. We identified 19,166 somatically acquired retrotransposition events, which affected 35% of samples and spanned a range of event types. Long interspersed nuclear element (LINE-1; L1 hereafter) insertions emerged as the first most frequent type of somatic structural variation in esophageal adenocarcinoma, and the second most frequent in head-and-neck and colorectal cancers. Aberrant L1 integrations can delete megabase-scale regions of a chromosome, which sometimes leads to the removal of tumor-suppressor genes, and can induce complex translocations and large-scale duplications. Somatic retrotranspositions can also initiate breakage-fusion-bridge cycles, leading to high-level amplification of oncogenes. These observations illuminate a relevant role of L1 retrotransposition in remodeling the cancer genome, with potential implications for the development of human tumors.

U2 - 10.1038/s41588-019-0562-0

DO - 10.1038/s41588-019-0562-0

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 32024998

JO - Nature Genetics

JF - Nature Genetics

SN - 1061-4036

ER -

ID: 59265647