Pachychoroid Spectrum Diseases in Patients with Cushing's Syndrome: A Systematic Review with Meta-Analyses

Jeppe K Holtz, Janni M E Larsson, Michael S Hansen, Elon H C van Dijk, Yousif Subhi*

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde


Cushing's syndrome is a rare disease with an endogenous cause of excess cortisol secretion. More evidence substantially links cortisol levels to the pachychoroid spectrum diseases. In this systematic review and meta-analysis, we summarize available evidence on pachychoroid spectrum diseases in patients with Cushing's syndrome. We performed a systematic literature search in 11 databases on 21 May 2022. Studies were considered eligible if they performed retinal examination of a consecutive group of patients with Cushing's syndrome using optical coherence tomography (OCT) scans. We extracted data on subfoveal choroidal thickness in patients with Cushing's syndrome compared to matched controls. We also extracted data on the prevalence of pachychoroid pigment epitheliopathy (PPE), central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC), and polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV). We identified six eligible studies with a total of 159 patients with Cushing's syndrome. On average, patients with Cushing's syndrome have 49.5 µm thicker subfoveal choroidal thickness compared to matched healthy individuals. Pachychoroid spectrum diseases were relatively common in these patients: PPE in 20.8%, CSC in 7.7%, and PCV in 2.8%. We conclude that there should be low threshold to recommend ophthalmic examination to patients with Cushing's syndrome, and that a macular OCT is recommended during this examination.

TidsskriftJournal of Clinical Medicine
Udgave nummer15
StatusUdgivet - 29 jul. 2022


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