Out-of-hospital cardiac arrests in children and adolescents: Incidences, outcomes, and household socioeconomic status

Shahzleen Rajan, Mads Wissenberg, Fredrik Folke, Carolina Malta Hansen, Freddy K Lippert, Peter Weeke, Lena Karlsson, Kathrine Bach Søndergaard, Kristian Dahl Kragholm Sørensen, Erika Frischknecht Christensen, Søren L Nielsen, Lars Kober, Gunnar H Gislason, Christian Torp-Pedersen

53 Citationer (Scopus)


BACKGROUND: There is insufficient knowledge of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) in the very young.

OBJECTIVES: This nationwide study sought to examine age-stratified OHCA characteristics and the role of parental socioeconomic differences and its contribution to mortality in the young population.

METHODS: All OHCA patients in Denmark, ≤21 years of age, were identified from 2001 to 2010. The population was divided into infants (<1 year); pre-school children (1-5 years); school children (6-15 years); and high school adolescents/young adults (16-21 years). Multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to investigate associations between pre-hospital factors and study endpoints: return of spontaneous circulation and survival.

RESULTS: A total of 459 individuals were included. Overall incidence of OHCA was 3.3 per 100,000 inhabitants per year. The incidence rates for infants, pre-school children, school children and high school adolescents were 11.5, 3.5, 1.3 and 5.3 per 100,000 inhabitants. Overall bystander CPR rate was 48.8%, and for age groups: 55.4%, 41.2%, 44.9% and 63.0%, respectively. Overall 30-day survival rate was 8.1%, and for age groups: 1.4%, 4.5%, 16.1% and 9.3%, respectively. High parental education was associated with improved survival after OHCA (OR 3.48, CI 1.27-9.41). Significant crude difference in survival (OR 3.18, CI 1.22-8.34) between high household incomes vs. low household incomes was found.

CONCLUSION: OHCA incidences and survival rates varied significantly between age groups. High parental education was found to be associated with improved survival after OHCA.

Sider (fra-til)12-19
Antal sider8
StatusUdgivet - 2015


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