Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: 30-day survival and 1-year risk of anoxic brain damage or nursing home admission according to consciousness status at hospital arrival

Kathrine B Sondergaard, Signe Riddersholm, Mads Wissenberg, Steen Moller Hansen, Carlo Alberto Barcella, Lena Karlsson, Kristian Bundgaard, Freddy K Lippert, Jesper Kjaergaard, Gunnar H Gislason, Fredrik Folke, Christian Torp-Pedersen, Kristian Kragholm

12 Citationer (Scopus)

Abstract

AIM: To investigate the association between consciousness status at hospital arrival and long-term outcomes in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) patients.

METHODS: OHCAs between 18-100 years of age were identified from the Danish Cardiac Arrest Registry during 2005-2014. Patients with return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) or ongoing cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) at hospital arrival were included. Thirty-day survival was evaluated using Kaplan-Meier estimates. Risk of anoxic brain damage or nursing home admission and return to work among 30-day survivors were evaluated using Aalen-Johansen estimates and cause-specific Cox regression.

RESULTS: Upon hospital arrival of 13,953 OHCA patients, 776 (5.6%) had ROSC and were conscious (Glasgow Coma Score [GCS]>8), 5,205 (37.3%) had ROSC, but were comatose (GCS ≤ 8), and 7,972 (57.1%) had ongoing CPR. Thirty-day survival according to status at hospital arrival among patients that were conscious, comatose, or had ongoing CPR was 89.0% (95% confidence interval [CI] 86.8%-91.2%), 39.0% (95% CI 37.6%-40.3%), and 1.2% (95% CI 1.0%-1.4%), respectively. Among 30-day survivors, 1-year risks of new onset anoxic brain damage or nursing home admission according to consciousness status were 2.4% (95% CI 1.2%-3.6%), 12.9% (95% CI 11.4%-14.3%), and 19.4% (95% CI 11.3%-27.4%), respectively. Among 30-day working-age survivors, more than 65% in each group returned to work within 5 years.

CONCLUSION: Consciousness status at hospital arrival was strongly associated with 30-day survival in OHCA patients. Among 30-day survivors, a minority was diagnosed with anoxic brain damage or admitted to a nursing home and the majority returned to work independent of consciousness status at hospital arrival.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftResuscitation
Vol/bind148
Sider (fra-til)251-258
Antal sider8
ISSN0300-9572
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 1 mar. 2020

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