Nutritional screening of children and adolescents with cerebral palsy: a scoping review

Abstrakt

AIM: To examine nutritional screening methods for children and adolescents with cerebral palsy.

METHOD: A scoping review was performed using established methodologies. In June 2020 we searched PubMed, Embase, CINAHL Complete, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials to identify articles on tools/methods for nutritional screening of our target groups.

RESULTS: Thirty studies were included, containing various tools/methods used to identify under- and/or overnutrition by weight/height, circumferences, skinfolds, questionnaires, and/or technically advanced or invasive methods. Questionnaires, weight/height, circumferences, and skinfolds were considered feasible based on clinical utility, whereas bioelectrical impedance analysis and blood samples were not.

INTERPRETATION: We identified two screening tools for undernutrition that include no physical measurements, but did not find any screening tools for overweight and obesity. Most of the studies recommended one or more methods, indicating that determining nutritional status most likely includes a combination of methods, not all of which may be feasible in clinical practice. What this paper adds No nutritional screening tool using anthropometry or body composition was discovered. Heterogenous methods to identify under- and/or overnutrition are recommended. Preferable methods for nutritional screening include assessment of body composition. A validated nutritional screening tool for identification of overweight is warranted.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftDevelopmental Medicine and Child Neurology
Vol/bind63
Udgave nummer12
Sider (fra-til)1374-1381
Antal sider8
ISSN0012-1622
DOI
StatusUdgivet - dec. 2021

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