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Nutritional Lifestyle Intervention in Obese Pregnant Women, Including Lower Carbohydrate Intake, Is Associated With Increased Maternal Free Fatty Acids, 3-β-Hydroxybutyrate, and Fasting Glucose Concentrations: A Secondary Factorial Analysis of the European Multicenter, Randomized Controlled DALI Lifestyle Intervention Trial

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Harreiter, J, Simmons, D, Desoye, G, Corcoy, R, Adelantado, JM, Devlieger, R, Galjaard, S, Damm, P, Mathiesen, ER, Jensen, DM, Andersen, LLT, Dunne, F, Lapolla, A, Dalfra, MG, Bertolotto, A, Wender-Ozegowska, E, Zawiejska, A, Mantaj, U, Hill, D, Jelsma, JGM, Snoek, FJ, Leutner, M, Lackinger, C, Worda, C, Bancher-Todesca, D, Scharnagl, H, van Poppel, MNM & Kautzky-Willer, A 2019, 'Nutritional Lifestyle Intervention in Obese Pregnant Women, Including Lower Carbohydrate Intake, Is Associated With Increased Maternal Free Fatty Acids, 3-β-Hydroxybutyrate, and Fasting Glucose Concentrations: A Secondary Factorial Analysis of the European Multicenter, Randomized Controlled DALI Lifestyle Intervention Trial' Diabetes Care. https://doi.org/10.2337/dc19-0418

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Harreiter J, Simmons D, Desoye G, Corcoy R, Adelantado JM, Devlieger R, Galjaard S, Damm P, Mathiesen ER, Jensen DM, Andersen LLT, Dunne F, Lapolla A, Dalfra MG, Bertolotto A, Wender-Ozegowska E, Zawiejska A, Mantaj U, Hill D, Jelsma JGM, Snoek FJ, Leutner M, Lackinger C, Worda C, Bancher-Todesca D, Scharnagl H, van Poppel MNM, Kautzky-Willer A. 2019. Nutritional Lifestyle Intervention in Obese Pregnant Women, Including Lower Carbohydrate Intake, Is Associated With Increased Maternal Free Fatty Acids, 3-β-Hydroxybutyrate, and Fasting Glucose Concentrations: A Secondary Factorial Analysis of the European Multicenter, Randomized Controlled DALI Lifestyle Intervention Trial. Diabetes Care. https://doi.org/10.2337/dc19-0418

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Harreiter, Jürgen ; Simmons, David ; Desoye, Gernot ; Corcoy, Rosa ; Adelantado, Juan M ; Devlieger, Roland ; Galjaard, Sander ; Damm, Peter ; Mathiesen, Elisabeth R ; Jensen, Dorte M ; Andersen, Lise Lotte T ; Dunne, Fidelma ; Lapolla, Annunziata ; Dalfra, Maria G ; Bertolotto, Alessandra ; Wender-Ozegowska, Ewa ; Zawiejska, Agnieszka ; Mantaj, Urszula ; Hill, David ; Jelsma, Judith G M ; Snoek, Frank J ; Leutner, Michael ; Lackinger, Christian ; Worda, Christof ; Bancher-Todesca, Dagmar ; Scharnagl, Hubert ; van Poppel, Mireille N M ; Kautzky-Willer, Alexandra. / Nutritional Lifestyle Intervention in Obese Pregnant Women, Including Lower Carbohydrate Intake, Is Associated With Increased Maternal Free Fatty Acids, 3-β-Hydroxybutyrate, and Fasting Glucose Concentrations : A Secondary Factorial Analysis of the European Multicenter, Randomized Controlled DALI Lifestyle Intervention Trial. I: Diabetes Care. 2019.

Bibtex

@article{3cb72cd2f0224c68a8526b9f1dd5180a,
title = "Nutritional Lifestyle Intervention in Obese Pregnant Women, Including Lower Carbohydrate Intake, Is Associated With Increased Maternal Free Fatty Acids, 3-β-Hydroxybutyrate, and Fasting Glucose Concentrations: A Secondary Factorial Analysis of the European Multicenter, Randomized Controlled DALI Lifestyle Intervention Trial",
abstract = "OBJECTIVE: In our randomized controlled trial, we investigated the impact of healthy eating (HE) aiming for restricted gestational weight gain (GWG) and physical activity (PA) interventions on maternal and neonatal lipid metabolism.RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Obese pregnant women (n = 436) were included before 20 weeks gestation and underwent glucose testing (oral glucose tolerance test) and lipid profiling at baseline and 24-28 and 35-37 gestational weeks after an at least 10-h overnight fast. This secondary analysis had a factorial design with comparison of HE (n = 221) versus no HE (n = 215) and PA (n = 218) versus no PA (n = 218). Maternal changes in triglycerides (TG), LDL cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, free fatty acids (FFAs), and leptin from baseline to end of pregnancy and neonatal outcomes were analyzed using general linear models with adjustment for relevant parameters.RESULTS: At 24-28 weeks gestation, FFAs (mean ± SD, 0.60 ± 0.19 vs. 0.55 ± 0.17 mmol/L, P < 0.01) were increased after adjustment for FFA at baseline, maternal age, BMI at time of examination, gestational week, insulin resistance, self-reported food intake, self-reported physical activity, and maternal smoking, and GWG was lower (3.3 ± 2.6 vs. 4.3 ± 2.8 kg, P < 0.001, adjusted mean differences -1.0 [95{\%} CI -1.5; -0.5]) in HE versus no HE. Fasting glucose levels (4.7 ± 0.4 vs. 4.6 ± 0.4 mmol/L, P < 0.05) and 3-β-hydroxybutyrate (3BHB; 0.082 ± 0.065 vs. 0.068 ± 0.067 mmol/L, P < 0.05) were higher in HE. Significant negative associations between carbohydrate intake and FFA, 3BHB, and fasting glucose at 24-28 weeks gestation were observed. No differences between groups were found in oral glucose tolerance test or leptin or TG levels at any time. Furthermore, in PA versus no PA, no similar changes were found. In cord blood, elevated FFA levels were found in HE after full adjustment (0.34 ± 0.22 vs. 0.29 ± 0.16 mmol/L, P = 0.01).CONCLUSIONS: HE intervention was associated with reduced GWG, higher FFAs, higher 3BHB, and higher fasting glucose at 24-28 weeks of gestation, suggesting induction of lipolysis. Increased FFA was negatively associated with carbohydrate intake and was also observed in cord blood. These findings support the hypothesis that maternal antenatal dietary restriction including carbohydrates is associated with increased FFA mobilization.",
author = "J{\"u}rgen Harreiter and David Simmons and Gernot Desoye and Rosa Corcoy and Adelantado, {Juan M} and Roland Devlieger and Sander Galjaard and Peter Damm and Mathiesen, {Elisabeth R} and Jensen, {Dorte M} and Andersen, {Lise Lotte T} and Fidelma Dunne and Annunziata Lapolla and Dalfra, {Maria G} and Alessandra Bertolotto and Ewa Wender-Ozegowska and Agnieszka Zawiejska and Urszula Mantaj and David Hill and Jelsma, {Judith G M} and Snoek, {Frank J} and Michael Leutner and Christian Lackinger and Christof Worda and Dagmar Bancher-Todesca and Hubert Scharnagl and {van Poppel}, {Mireille N M} and Alexandra Kautzky-Willer",
note = "{\circledC} 2019 by the American Diabetes Association.",
year = "2019",
month = "6",
day = "10",
doi = "10.2337/dc19-0418",
language = "English",
journal = "International Journal of MS Care",
issn = "1935-5548",
publisher = "American Diabetes Association",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Nutritional Lifestyle Intervention in Obese Pregnant Women, Including Lower Carbohydrate Intake, Is Associated With Increased Maternal Free Fatty Acids, 3-β-Hydroxybutyrate, and Fasting Glucose Concentrations

T2 - A Secondary Factorial Analysis of the European Multicenter, Randomized Controlled DALI Lifestyle Intervention Trial

AU - Harreiter, Jürgen

AU - Simmons, David

AU - Desoye, Gernot

AU - Corcoy, Rosa

AU - Adelantado, Juan M

AU - Devlieger, Roland

AU - Galjaard, Sander

AU - Damm, Peter

AU - Mathiesen, Elisabeth R

AU - Jensen, Dorte M

AU - Andersen, Lise Lotte T

AU - Dunne, Fidelma

AU - Lapolla, Annunziata

AU - Dalfra, Maria G

AU - Bertolotto, Alessandra

AU - Wender-Ozegowska, Ewa

AU - Zawiejska, Agnieszka

AU - Mantaj, Urszula

AU - Hill, David

AU - Jelsma, Judith G M

AU - Snoek, Frank J

AU - Leutner, Michael

AU - Lackinger, Christian

AU - Worda, Christof

AU - Bancher-Todesca, Dagmar

AU - Scharnagl, Hubert

AU - van Poppel, Mireille N M

AU - Kautzky-Willer, Alexandra

N1 - © 2019 by the American Diabetes Association.

PY - 2019/6/10

Y1 - 2019/6/10

N2 - OBJECTIVE: In our randomized controlled trial, we investigated the impact of healthy eating (HE) aiming for restricted gestational weight gain (GWG) and physical activity (PA) interventions on maternal and neonatal lipid metabolism.RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Obese pregnant women (n = 436) were included before 20 weeks gestation and underwent glucose testing (oral glucose tolerance test) and lipid profiling at baseline and 24-28 and 35-37 gestational weeks after an at least 10-h overnight fast. This secondary analysis had a factorial design with comparison of HE (n = 221) versus no HE (n = 215) and PA (n = 218) versus no PA (n = 218). Maternal changes in triglycerides (TG), LDL cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, free fatty acids (FFAs), and leptin from baseline to end of pregnancy and neonatal outcomes were analyzed using general linear models with adjustment for relevant parameters.RESULTS: At 24-28 weeks gestation, FFAs (mean ± SD, 0.60 ± 0.19 vs. 0.55 ± 0.17 mmol/L, P < 0.01) were increased after adjustment for FFA at baseline, maternal age, BMI at time of examination, gestational week, insulin resistance, self-reported food intake, self-reported physical activity, and maternal smoking, and GWG was lower (3.3 ± 2.6 vs. 4.3 ± 2.8 kg, P < 0.001, adjusted mean differences -1.0 [95% CI -1.5; -0.5]) in HE versus no HE. Fasting glucose levels (4.7 ± 0.4 vs. 4.6 ± 0.4 mmol/L, P < 0.05) and 3-β-hydroxybutyrate (3BHB; 0.082 ± 0.065 vs. 0.068 ± 0.067 mmol/L, P < 0.05) were higher in HE. Significant negative associations between carbohydrate intake and FFA, 3BHB, and fasting glucose at 24-28 weeks gestation were observed. No differences between groups were found in oral glucose tolerance test or leptin or TG levels at any time. Furthermore, in PA versus no PA, no similar changes were found. In cord blood, elevated FFA levels were found in HE after full adjustment (0.34 ± 0.22 vs. 0.29 ± 0.16 mmol/L, P = 0.01).CONCLUSIONS: HE intervention was associated with reduced GWG, higher FFAs, higher 3BHB, and higher fasting glucose at 24-28 weeks of gestation, suggesting induction of lipolysis. Increased FFA was negatively associated with carbohydrate intake and was also observed in cord blood. These findings support the hypothesis that maternal antenatal dietary restriction including carbohydrates is associated with increased FFA mobilization.

AB - OBJECTIVE: In our randomized controlled trial, we investigated the impact of healthy eating (HE) aiming for restricted gestational weight gain (GWG) and physical activity (PA) interventions on maternal and neonatal lipid metabolism.RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Obese pregnant women (n = 436) were included before 20 weeks gestation and underwent glucose testing (oral glucose tolerance test) and lipid profiling at baseline and 24-28 and 35-37 gestational weeks after an at least 10-h overnight fast. This secondary analysis had a factorial design with comparison of HE (n = 221) versus no HE (n = 215) and PA (n = 218) versus no PA (n = 218). Maternal changes in triglycerides (TG), LDL cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, free fatty acids (FFAs), and leptin from baseline to end of pregnancy and neonatal outcomes were analyzed using general linear models with adjustment for relevant parameters.RESULTS: At 24-28 weeks gestation, FFAs (mean ± SD, 0.60 ± 0.19 vs. 0.55 ± 0.17 mmol/L, P < 0.01) were increased after adjustment for FFA at baseline, maternal age, BMI at time of examination, gestational week, insulin resistance, self-reported food intake, self-reported physical activity, and maternal smoking, and GWG was lower (3.3 ± 2.6 vs. 4.3 ± 2.8 kg, P < 0.001, adjusted mean differences -1.0 [95% CI -1.5; -0.5]) in HE versus no HE. Fasting glucose levels (4.7 ± 0.4 vs. 4.6 ± 0.4 mmol/L, P < 0.05) and 3-β-hydroxybutyrate (3BHB; 0.082 ± 0.065 vs. 0.068 ± 0.067 mmol/L, P < 0.05) were higher in HE. Significant negative associations between carbohydrate intake and FFA, 3BHB, and fasting glucose at 24-28 weeks gestation were observed. No differences between groups were found in oral glucose tolerance test or leptin or TG levels at any time. Furthermore, in PA versus no PA, no similar changes were found. In cord blood, elevated FFA levels were found in HE after full adjustment (0.34 ± 0.22 vs. 0.29 ± 0.16 mmol/L, P = 0.01).CONCLUSIONS: HE intervention was associated with reduced GWG, higher FFAs, higher 3BHB, and higher fasting glucose at 24-28 weeks of gestation, suggesting induction of lipolysis. Increased FFA was negatively associated with carbohydrate intake and was also observed in cord blood. These findings support the hypothesis that maternal antenatal dietary restriction including carbohydrates is associated with increased FFA mobilization.

U2 - 10.2337/dc19-0418

DO - 10.2337/dc19-0418

M3 - Journal article

JO - International Journal of MS Care

JF - International Journal of MS Care

SN - 1935-5548

ER -

ID: 57341110