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NT-proBNP and ICD in Nonischemic Systolic Heart Failure: Extended Follow-Up of the DANISH Trial

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OBJECTIVES: In this extended follow-up study of the DANISH (Danish Study to Assess the Efficacy of Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillators in Patients with Non-ischemic Systolic Heart Failure on Mortality) trial, adding 4 years of additional follow-up, we examined the effect of implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) implantation according to baseline N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) level.

BACKGROUND: In the DANISH trial, NT-proBNP level at baseline appeared to modify the response to ICD implantation.

METHODS: In the DANISH trial, 1,116 patients with nonischemic systolic HF were randomized to receive an ICD (N = 556) or usual clinical care (N = 550). Outcomes were analyzed according to NT-proBNP levels (below/above median) at baseline. The primary outcome was death from any cause.

RESULTS: All 1,116 patients in the DANISH trial had an available NT-proBNP measurement at baseline (median: 1,177 pg/mL; range: 200-22,918 pg/mL). There was a trend toward a reduction in all-cause death with ICD implantation, compared with usual clinical care, in patients with NT-proBNP levels lower than the median (HR: 0.75 [95% CI: 0.55-1.03]), but not in those with higher NT-proBNP levels (HR: 0.95 [95% CI: 0.74-1.21]) (Pinteraction = 0.28). Similarly, ICD implantation significantly reduced the rate of cardiovascular (CV) and sudden cardiovascular death (SCD) in patients with NT-proBNP levels lower than the median (CV death, HR: 0.69 [95% CI: 0.47-1.00]; SCD, HR: 0.37 [95% CI: 0.19-0.75]), but not in those with higher levels (CV death, HR: 0.94 [95% CI: 0.70-1.25]; SCD, HR: 0.86 [95% CI: 0.49-1.51]) (Pinteraction = 0.20 and 0.08 for CV death and SCD, respectively).

CONCLUSIONS: Lower baseline NT-proBNP levels could identify patients with nonischemic systolic HF who may derive benefit from ICD implantation. (Danish Study to Assess the Efficacy of Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillators in Patients with Non-ischemic Systolic Heart Failure on Mortality [DANISH]; NCT00542945).

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftJACC. Heart failure
Vol/bind10
Udgave nummer3
Sider (fra-til)161-171
Antal sider11
ISSN2213-1779
DOI
StatusUdgivet - mar. 2022

Bibliografisk note

Copyright © 2022 American College of Cardiology Foundation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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