Glutathione and amino acid concentrations were measured in arterial and hepatic vein plasma in four healthy volunteers and two patients with cirrhosis. There was no significant splanchnic efflux of glutathione (95% confidence limits, -0.501 to 0.405 mumol/min). After infusion of N-acetylcysteine (NAC) in a high dose (150 mg/kg body weight primer plus 15 mg/(h x kg BW), corresponding to treatment of acetaminophen overdose, there was no change in the splanchnic glutathione efflux (95% confidence limits, -0.531 to 0.375 mumol/min). NAC increased hepatic plasma flow rate from 0.90 +/- 0.531 min-1 to 0.97 +/- 0.11 (mean +/- SEM; p < 0.05). The effects of NAC treatment on plasma amino acids corresponded to an increased load on hepatic metabolic N conversion and transamination among nonessential amino acids. Splanchnic uptake of serine, alanine, cystine, isoleucine, and phenylalanine increased after NAC compatible with stimulated hepatic glutathione synthesis. In contrast to the rat, plasma glutathione in man probably originates mainly from extrahepatic tissues.
|Tidsskrift||Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology|
|Status||Udgivet - maj 1993|