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E-pub ahead of print

No changes in myocardial perfusion following radiation therapy of left-sided breast cancer: A positron emission tomography study

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

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BACKGROUND: Adjuvant radiation therapy (RT) for breast cancer has improved overall survival. However, incidental exposure of the heart has been linked to development of radiation-induced heart disease. The aim of this study was, in a cohort of asymptomatic post-irradiation breast cancer patients, to investigate changes in myocardial blood flow (MBF) and presence of perfusion defects in myocardial perfusion positron-emission-tomography (PET) in the irradiated myocardium.

METHODS AND RESULTS: Twenty patients treated with RT for left-sided breast cancer underwent 13N-ammonia myocardial perfusion PET 7(± 2) years after breath adapted RT to a total dose of 48 Gy given in 24 fractions. No differences in rest or stress MBF were noted between the irradiated and non-irradiated myocardium (1.29 (± 0.29) vs 1.33 (± 0.29) mL/g/min, ns; 2.74 (± 0.59) vs 2.78 (± 0.66) mL/g/min, ns, respectively). One patient demonstrated a myocardial perfusion defect localized in the irradiated anterior wall myocardium.

CONCLUSION: Although limited by a small sample size, early signs of cardiac injury detected by NH3 myocardial perfusion PET was at least not frequent in our cohort of patients treated with a modern RT technique for left-sided breast cancer, even 7 years after treatment. The findings however, may not rule out subsequent development of myocardial injury.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftJournal of nuclear cardiology : official publication of the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology
ISSN1071-3581
DOI
StatusE-pub ahead of print - 2021

ID: 61014223