No association between long-chain n-3 fatty acid intake during pregnancy and risk of type 1 diabetes in offspring in two large Scandinavian pregnancy cohorts

Nicolai A Lund-Blix, Anne A Bjerregaard, German Tapia, Ketil Størdal, Anne Lise Brantsæter, Marin Strøm, Thorhallur I Halldorsson, Charlotta Granstrøm, Jannet Svensson, Geir Joner, Torild Skrivarhaug, Pål R Njølstad, Sjurdur F Olsen, Lars C Stene

Abstract

AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: The aim of this study was to investigate whether higher dietary intake of marine n-3 fatty acids during pregnancy is associated with a lower risk of type 1 diabetes in children.

METHODS: The Danish National Birth Cohort (DNBC) and the Norwegian Mother, Father and Child Cohort Study (MoBa) together include 153,843 mother-child pairs with prospectively collected data on eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) intake during pregnancy from validated food frequency questionnaires. Type 1 diabetes diagnosis in children (n=634) was ascertained from national diabetes registries.

RESULTS: There was no association between the sum of EPA and DHA intake during pregnancy and risk of type 1 diabetes in offspring (pooled HR per g/day of intake: 1.00, 95% CI 0.88, 1.14), with consistent results for both the MoBa and the DNBC. Robustness analyses gave very similar results.

CONCLUSIONS/INTERPRETATION: Initiation of a trial of EPA and DHA during pregnancy to prevent type 1 diabetes in offspring should not be prioritised.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftDiabetologia
ISSN0012-186X
DOI
StatusE-pub ahead of print - 19 mar. 2024

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