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No association between early maternal HbA1c and offspring birthweight among women without pre-existing diabetes in Greenland

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Studies of the association between maternal blood glucose measured by glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) during pregnancy and the offspring's birthweight have been heterogeneous. The aim of this study was to examine the association between maternal HbA1c level before gestational week 20 and the offspring's birthweight among predominantly indigenous women in Greenland. A retrospective cohort study including all women (n = 503) and their offspring delivered from September 2015 to September 2016 at Queen Ingrid's Hospital in Nuuk was conducted. Data were obtained from the electronic medical record. Linear regression models were used to analyse the effect of maternal HbA1c on the offspring's birthweight with adjustment and stratification for relevant confounders and effect modifiers. Birthweight increased with 3.3 g per mmol/mol increase in HbA1c. Yet, no significant association between maternal HbA1c and the offspring's birthweight was found after adjustment for maternal age, ethnicity, residence, smoking, and parity (β = 0.058, p = 0.711). Among obese women, a borderline significant positive association (β = 0.657, p = 0.059) was found. For term newborns, this corresponded to an increase in birthweight of 31 g per mmol/mol increase in HbA1c. Based on the current study, the use of HbA1c during pregnancy to detect the risk of delivering a newborn with macrosomia is not recommended in Greenland.Abbreviation: HbA1c: glycosylated haemoglobin; GA: gestational age; SD: standard deviation; CI: confidence interval.

TidsskriftInternational Journal of Circumpolar Health
Udgave nummer1
StatusUdgivet - 11 dec. 2019

ID: 58644628