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No Acute Effects of Exogenous Glucose-Dependent Insulinotropic Polypeptide on Energy Intake, Appetite, or Energy Expenditure When Added to Treatment With a Long-Acting Glucagon-Like Peptide 1 Receptor Agonist in Men With Type 2 Diabetes

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@article{8393711467094845b0bc990ec63e83d9,
title = "No Acute Effects of Exogenous Glucose-Dependent Insulinotropic Polypeptide on Energy Intake, Appetite, or Energy Expenditure When Added to Treatment With a Long-Acting Glucagon-Like Peptide 1 Receptor Agonist in Men With Type 2 Diabetes",
abstract = "OBJECTIVE: Dual incretin receptor agonists in clinical development have shown reductions in body weight and hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) in patients with type 2 diabetes, but the impact of glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) receptor activation remains unclear. Here, we evaluated the effects of high-dose exogenous GIP on energy intake, energy expenditure, plasma glucose, and glucose-regulating hormones in patients with type 2 diabetes treated with a long-acting glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor (GLP-1R) agonist.RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: In a randomized, double-blind design, men with type 2 diabetes (n = 22, mean ± SEM HbA1c 6.8 ± 0.1{\%} [51 ± 1.5 mmol/mol]) treated with metformin and long-acting GLP-1R agonists were subjected to two 5-h continuous infusions (separated by a washout period of ≥3 days): one with GIP (6 pmol/kg/min) and another with saline (placebo). After 60 min of infusion, a liquid mixed-meal test was performed and after 270 min of infusion, an ad libitum meal was served for evaluation of energy intake (primary end point).RESULTS: Energy intake was similar during GIP and placebo infusion (648 ± 74 kcal vs. 594 ± 55 kcal, respectively; P = 0.480), as were appetite measures and energy expenditure. Plasma glucagon and glucose were higher during GIP infusion compared with placebo infusion (P = 0.026 and P = 0.017) as assessed by area under the curve.CONCLUSIONS: In patients with type 2 diabetes, GIP infusion on top of treatment with metformin and a long-acting GLP-1R agonist did not affect energy intake, appetite, or energy expenditure but increased plasma glucose compared with placebo. These results indicate no acute beneficial effects of combining GIP and GLP-1.",
author = "Bergmann, {Natasha C} and Gasbjerg, {L{\ae}rke S} and Heimb{\"u}rger, {Sebastian M} and Krogh, {Liva S L} and Flemming Dela and Bolette Hartmann and Holst, {Jens J} and Lene Jessen and Christensen, {Mikkel B} and Tina Vilsb{\o}ll and Asger Lund and Knop, {Filip K}",
note = "{\circledC} 2020 by the American Diabetes Association.",
year = "2020",
month = "1",
day = "16",
doi = "10.2337/dc19-0578",
language = "English",
journal = "International Journal of MS Care",
issn = "1935-5548",
publisher = "American Diabetes Association",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - No Acute Effects of Exogenous Glucose-Dependent Insulinotropic Polypeptide on Energy Intake, Appetite, or Energy Expenditure When Added to Treatment With a Long-Acting Glucagon-Like Peptide 1 Receptor Agonist in Men With Type 2 Diabetes

AU - Bergmann, Natasha C

AU - Gasbjerg, Lærke S

AU - Heimbürger, Sebastian M

AU - Krogh, Liva S L

AU - Dela, Flemming

AU - Hartmann, Bolette

AU - Holst, Jens J

AU - Jessen, Lene

AU - Christensen, Mikkel B

AU - Vilsbøll, Tina

AU - Lund, Asger

AU - Knop, Filip K

N1 - © 2020 by the American Diabetes Association.

PY - 2020/1/16

Y1 - 2020/1/16

N2 - OBJECTIVE: Dual incretin receptor agonists in clinical development have shown reductions in body weight and hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) in patients with type 2 diabetes, but the impact of glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) receptor activation remains unclear. Here, we evaluated the effects of high-dose exogenous GIP on energy intake, energy expenditure, plasma glucose, and glucose-regulating hormones in patients with type 2 diabetes treated with a long-acting glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor (GLP-1R) agonist.RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: In a randomized, double-blind design, men with type 2 diabetes (n = 22, mean ± SEM HbA1c 6.8 ± 0.1% [51 ± 1.5 mmol/mol]) treated with metformin and long-acting GLP-1R agonists were subjected to two 5-h continuous infusions (separated by a washout period of ≥3 days): one with GIP (6 pmol/kg/min) and another with saline (placebo). After 60 min of infusion, a liquid mixed-meal test was performed and after 270 min of infusion, an ad libitum meal was served for evaluation of energy intake (primary end point).RESULTS: Energy intake was similar during GIP and placebo infusion (648 ± 74 kcal vs. 594 ± 55 kcal, respectively; P = 0.480), as were appetite measures and energy expenditure. Plasma glucagon and glucose were higher during GIP infusion compared with placebo infusion (P = 0.026 and P = 0.017) as assessed by area under the curve.CONCLUSIONS: In patients with type 2 diabetes, GIP infusion on top of treatment with metformin and a long-acting GLP-1R agonist did not affect energy intake, appetite, or energy expenditure but increased plasma glucose compared with placebo. These results indicate no acute beneficial effects of combining GIP and GLP-1.

AB - OBJECTIVE: Dual incretin receptor agonists in clinical development have shown reductions in body weight and hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) in patients with type 2 diabetes, but the impact of glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) receptor activation remains unclear. Here, we evaluated the effects of high-dose exogenous GIP on energy intake, energy expenditure, plasma glucose, and glucose-regulating hormones in patients with type 2 diabetes treated with a long-acting glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor (GLP-1R) agonist.RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: In a randomized, double-blind design, men with type 2 diabetes (n = 22, mean ± SEM HbA1c 6.8 ± 0.1% [51 ± 1.5 mmol/mol]) treated with metformin and long-acting GLP-1R agonists were subjected to two 5-h continuous infusions (separated by a washout period of ≥3 days): one with GIP (6 pmol/kg/min) and another with saline (placebo). After 60 min of infusion, a liquid mixed-meal test was performed and after 270 min of infusion, an ad libitum meal was served for evaluation of energy intake (primary end point).RESULTS: Energy intake was similar during GIP and placebo infusion (648 ± 74 kcal vs. 594 ± 55 kcal, respectively; P = 0.480), as were appetite measures and energy expenditure. Plasma glucagon and glucose were higher during GIP infusion compared with placebo infusion (P = 0.026 and P = 0.017) as assessed by area under the curve.CONCLUSIONS: In patients with type 2 diabetes, GIP infusion on top of treatment with metformin and a long-acting GLP-1R agonist did not affect energy intake, appetite, or energy expenditure but increased plasma glucose compared with placebo. These results indicate no acute beneficial effects of combining GIP and GLP-1.

U2 - 10.2337/dc19-0578

DO - 10.2337/dc19-0578

M3 - Journal article

JO - International Journal of MS Care

JF - International Journal of MS Care

SN - 1935-5548

M1 - dc190578

ER -

ID: 59055892