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Night work and miscarriage: a Danish nationwide register-based cohort study

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@article{8b6709d977c64ef59b3ea77b383db349,
title = "Night work and miscarriage: a Danish nationwide register-based cohort study",
abstract = "OBJECTIVE: Observational studies indicate an association between working nights and miscarriage, but inaccurate exposure assessment precludes causal inference. Using payroll data with exact and prospective measurement of night work, the objective was to investigate whether working night shifts during pregnancy increases the risk of miscarriage.METHODS: A cohort of 22 744 pregnant women was identified by linking the Danish Working Hour Database (DWHD), which holds payroll data on all Danish public hospital employees, with Danish national registers on births and admissions to hospitals (miscarriage). The risk of miscarriage during pregnancy weeks 4-22 according to measures of night work was analysed using Cox regression with time-varying exposure adjusted for a fixed set of potential confounders.RESULTS: In total 377 896 pregnancy weeks (average 19.7) were available for follow-up. Women who had two or more night shifts the previous week had an increased risk of miscarriage after pregnancy week 8 (HR 1.32 (95{\%} CI 1.07 to 1.62) compared with women, who did not work night shifts. The cumulated number of night shifts during pregnancy weeks 3-21 increased the risk of miscarriages in a dose-dependent pattern.CONCLUSIONS: The study corroborates earlier findings that night work during pregnancy may confer an increased risk of miscarriage and indicates a lowest observed threshold level of two night shifts per week.",
author = "Begtrup, {Luise Moelenberg} and Specht, {Ina Olmer} and Hammer, {Paula Edeusa Cristina} and Flachs, {Esben Meulengracht} and Garde, {Anne Helene} and Johnni Hansen and Hansen, {{\AA}se Marie} and Kolstad, {Henrik Albert} and Larsen, {Ann Dyreborg} and Bonde, {Jens Peter}",
note = "{\circledC} Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2019. No commercial re-use. See rights and permissions. Published by BMJ.",
year = "2019",
month = "5",
doi = "10.1136/oemed-2018-105592",
language = "English",
pages = "302--308",
journal = "Occupational and Environmental Medicine",
issn = "1351-0711",
publisher = "B M J Group",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Night work and miscarriage

T2 - a Danish nationwide register-based cohort study

AU - Begtrup, Luise Moelenberg

AU - Specht, Ina Olmer

AU - Hammer, Paula Edeusa Cristina

AU - Flachs, Esben Meulengracht

AU - Garde, Anne Helene

AU - Hansen, Johnni

AU - Hansen, Åse Marie

AU - Kolstad, Henrik Albert

AU - Larsen, Ann Dyreborg

AU - Bonde, Jens Peter

N1 - © Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2019. No commercial re-use. See rights and permissions. Published by BMJ.

PY - 2019/5

Y1 - 2019/5

N2 - OBJECTIVE: Observational studies indicate an association between working nights and miscarriage, but inaccurate exposure assessment precludes causal inference. Using payroll data with exact and prospective measurement of night work, the objective was to investigate whether working night shifts during pregnancy increases the risk of miscarriage.METHODS: A cohort of 22 744 pregnant women was identified by linking the Danish Working Hour Database (DWHD), which holds payroll data on all Danish public hospital employees, with Danish national registers on births and admissions to hospitals (miscarriage). The risk of miscarriage during pregnancy weeks 4-22 according to measures of night work was analysed using Cox regression with time-varying exposure adjusted for a fixed set of potential confounders.RESULTS: In total 377 896 pregnancy weeks (average 19.7) were available for follow-up. Women who had two or more night shifts the previous week had an increased risk of miscarriage after pregnancy week 8 (HR 1.32 (95% CI 1.07 to 1.62) compared with women, who did not work night shifts. The cumulated number of night shifts during pregnancy weeks 3-21 increased the risk of miscarriages in a dose-dependent pattern.CONCLUSIONS: The study corroborates earlier findings that night work during pregnancy may confer an increased risk of miscarriage and indicates a lowest observed threshold level of two night shifts per week.

AB - OBJECTIVE: Observational studies indicate an association between working nights and miscarriage, but inaccurate exposure assessment precludes causal inference. Using payroll data with exact and prospective measurement of night work, the objective was to investigate whether working night shifts during pregnancy increases the risk of miscarriage.METHODS: A cohort of 22 744 pregnant women was identified by linking the Danish Working Hour Database (DWHD), which holds payroll data on all Danish public hospital employees, with Danish national registers on births and admissions to hospitals (miscarriage). The risk of miscarriage during pregnancy weeks 4-22 according to measures of night work was analysed using Cox regression with time-varying exposure adjusted for a fixed set of potential confounders.RESULTS: In total 377 896 pregnancy weeks (average 19.7) were available for follow-up. Women who had two or more night shifts the previous week had an increased risk of miscarriage after pregnancy week 8 (HR 1.32 (95% CI 1.07 to 1.62) compared with women, who did not work night shifts. The cumulated number of night shifts during pregnancy weeks 3-21 increased the risk of miscarriages in a dose-dependent pattern.CONCLUSIONS: The study corroborates earlier findings that night work during pregnancy may confer an increased risk of miscarriage and indicates a lowest observed threshold level of two night shifts per week.

U2 - 10.1136/oemed-2018-105592

DO - 10.1136/oemed-2018-105592

M3 - Journal article

SP - 302

EP - 308

JO - Occupational and Environmental Medicine

JF - Occupational and Environmental Medicine

SN - 1351-0711

ER -

ID: 56914071