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Nickel release from metallic earrings: A survey of the Danish market and validation of the nickel spot test

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

DOI

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    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

  1. Facial contact dermatitis caused by cosmetic-relevant allergens

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

  2. Facial dermatoses in health care professionals induced by the use of protective masks during the COVID-19 pandemic

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

  3. Comparison of Cytokines in Skin Biopsies and Tape Strips from Adults with Atopic Dermatitis

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

  4. Chromium and cobalt release from metallic earrings from the Danish market

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

  5. No immediate effect of regulatory reduction of chromium in leather among adult patients with chromium allergy

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Vis graf over relationer

BACKGROUND: Exposure to nickel-releasing ear-piercing jewellery may explain the persistently high prevalence of nickel allergy in Europe. While nickel release from earrings is regulated, field studies show that the regulation is not always respected. More knowledge is needed regarding the risk of piercing exposure including suitable screening methods.

OBJECTIVE: To examine the proportion of earrings on the Danish market that release more nickel than allowed, and to validate the use of the dimethylglyoxime (DMG) test as a screening tool.

METHODS: A total of 304 earrings were purchased and tested with the DMG test and X-ray fluorescence spectrometry. The level of nickel release was quantified in a selected subsample of 100 earrings by the European reference test EN 1811. The DMG spot test was validated against EN 1811 at different thresholds.

RESULTS: Excessive nickel release according to the European regulation was found in 45 (14.8%) tested earrings. The sensitivity of the DMG test decreased with reduced levels of nickel release (sensitivity of 45.2% at ≥0.2 μg/cm2 /week vs 61.1% at >0.5 μg/cm2 /week).

CONCLUSION: Excessive nickel release is common in earrings on the Danish market. Because of low sensitivity, the DMG test has limited use in screening of earrings for research but may still be used clinically.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftContact Dermatitis
Vol/bind85
Udgave nummer2
Sider (fra-til)178-185
Antal sider8
ISSN0105-1873
DOI
StatusUdgivet - aug. 2021

ID: 67624805