New York Heart Association functional class and implantable cardioverter-defibrillator in non-ischaemic heart failure with reduced ejection fraction: Extended follow-up of the DANISH trial

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Abstract

AIMS: Current guidelines recommend implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) therapy in patients with heart failure, a left ventricular ejection fraction of ≤35%, and New York Heart Association (NYHA) class II-III. However, the evidence regarding the benefit of primary prevention ICD is less consistent in patients with NYHA class III. We investigated the long-term effects of primary prevention ICD implantation according to NYHA class in an extended follow-up study of the DANISH trial.

METHODS AND RESULTS: The DANISH trial randomized 1116 patients with non-ischaemic heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) to ICD implantation or usual care. Outcomes were analysed according to NYHA class at baseline (NYHA class II and III/IV). The primary outcome was all-cause mortality. Of the 1116 patients randomized in the DANISH trial, 597 (53.5%) were in NYHA class II at baseline, 505 (45.3%) in NYHA class III, and 14 (1.3%) in NYHA class IV. During a median follow-up of 9.5 years, NYHA class III/IV, compared with NYHA class II, were associated with a greater long-term rate of all-cause mortality (hazard ratio [HR] 1.52, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.20-1.93) and cardiovascular death (HR 1.95 [1.47-2.60]). ICD implantation, compared with usual care, did not reduce the long-term rate of all-cause mortality (all participants: HR 0.89 [95% CI 0.74-1.08]; NYHA class II: HR 0.85 [0.64-1.13]; NYHA class III/IV: HR 0.89 [0.69-1.14]; pinteraction = 0.78) or cardiovascular death (all participants: HR 0.87 [95% CI 0.70-1.09]; NYHA class II: HR 0.78 [0.54-1.12]; NYHA class III/IV: HR 0.89 [0.67-1.19]; pinteraction = 0.58), irrespective of NYHA class. Similarly, NYHA class did not modify the beneficial effects of ICD implantation on sudden cardiovascular death (all participants: HR 0.60 [95% CI 0.40-0.92]; NYHA class II: HR 0.73 [0.40-1.36]; NYHA class III/IV: HR 0.52 [0.29-0.94]; pinteraction = 0.39).

CONCLUSIONS: In patients with non-ischaemic HFrEF, ICD implantation, compared with usual care, did not reduce the overall mortality rate, but it did reduce sudden cardiovascular death, regardless of baseline NYHA class.

CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00542945.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftEuropean Journal of Heart Failure
ISSN1388-9842
DOI
StatusE-pub ahead of print - 11 maj 2024

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