PET/CT with the tracer 2-[18F]fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose ([18F]FDG) has improved diagnostic imaging in cancer and is routinely used for diagnosing, staging and treatment planning in lung cancer patients. However, pitfalls of [18F]FDG-PET/CT limit the use in specific settings. Additionally, lung cancer is still the leading cause of cancer associated death and has high risk of recurrence after curative treatment. These circumstances have led to the continuous search for more sensitive and specific PET tracers to optimize lung cancer diagnosis, staging, treatment planning and evaluation. The objective of this review is to present and discuss current knowledge and perspectives of new PET tracers for use in lung cancer. A literature search was performed on PubMed and clinicaltrials.gov, limited to the past decade, excluding case reports, preclinical studies and studies on established tracers such as [18F]FDG and DOTATE. The most relevant papers from the search were evaluated. Several tracers have been developed targeting specific tumor characteristics and hallmarks of cancer. A small number of tracers have been studied extensively and evaluated head-to-head with [18F]FDG-PET/CT, whereas others need further investigation and validation in larger clinical trials. At this moment, none of the tracers can replace [18F]FDG-PET/CT. However, they might serve as supplementary imaging methods to provide more knowledge about biological tumor characteristics and visualize intra- and inter-tumoral heterogeneity.