Forskning
Udskriv Udskriv
Switch language
Region Hovedstaden - en del af Københavns Universitetshospital
Udgivet

New Nordic Diet versus Average Danish Diet: A Randomized Controlled Trial Revealed Healthy Long-Term Effects of the New Nordic Diet by GC-MS Blood Plasma Metabolomics

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

  1. Matrix structure of dairy products results in different postprandial lipid responses: a randomized crossover trial

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

  2. Sagittal abdominal diameter and waist circumference appear to be equally good as identifiers of cardiometabolic risk

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

  3. Liraglutide after diet-induced weight loss for pain and weight control in knee osteoarthritis: a randomized controlled trial

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Vis graf over relationer

A previous study has shown effects of the New Nordic Diet (NND) to stimulate weight loss and lower systolic and diastolic blood pressure in obese Danish women and men in a randomized, controlled dietary intervention study. This work demonstrates long-term metabolic effects of the NND as compared with an Average Danish Diet (ADD) in blood plasma and reveals associations between metabolic changes and health beneficial effects of the NND including weight loss. A total of 145 individuals completed the intervention and blood samples were taken along with clinical examinations before the intervention started (week 0) and after 12 and 26 weeks. The plasma metabolome was measured using GC-MS, and the final metabolite table contained 144 variables. Significant and novel metabolic effects of the diet, resulting weight loss, gender, and intervention study season were revealed using PLS-DA and ASCA. Several metabolites reflecting specific differences in the diets, especially intake of plant foods and seafood, and in energy metabolism related to ketone bodies and gluconeogenesis formed the predominant metabolite pattern discriminating the intervention groups. Among NND subjects, higher levels of vaccenic acid and 3-hydroxybutanoic acid were related to a higher weight loss, while higher concentrations of salicylic, lactic, and N-aspartic acids and 1,5-anhydro-d-sorbitol were related to a lower weight loss. Specific gender and seasonal differences were also observed. The study strongly indicates that healthy diets high in fish, vegetables, fruit, and whole grain facilitated weight loss and improved insulin sensitivity by increasing ketosis and gluconeogenesis in the fasting state.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftJournal of Proteome Research
Vol/bind15
Udgave nummer6
Sider (fra-til)1939-54
Antal sider16
ISSN1535-3893
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 3 jun. 2016
Eksternt udgivetJa

ID: 49699058