Forskning
Udskriv Udskriv
Switch language
Region Hovedstaden - en del af Københavns Universitetshospital
Udgivet

New drug candidates for depression - a nationwide population-based study

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Harvard

APA

CBE

MLA

Vancouver

Author

Kessing, L V ; Rytgaard, H C ; Gerds, T A ; Berk, M ; Ekstrøm, C T ; Andersen, P K. / New drug candidates for depression - a nationwide population-based study. I: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica. 2019 ; Bind 139, Nr. 1. s. 68-77.

Bibtex

@article{33c930c3cdf04f4482f2150f50bd2bd7,
title = "New drug candidates for depression - a nationwide population-based study",
abstract = "OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether continued use of non-aspirin NSAID, low-dose aspirin, high-dose aspirin, statins, allopurinol and angiotensin agents decreases the rate of incident depression using Danish nationwide population-based registers.METHODS: All persons in Denmark who purchased the exposure medications of interest between 1995 and 2015 and a random sample of 30{\%} of the Danish population was included in the study. Two different outcome measures were included, (i) a diagnosis of depressive disorder at a psychiatric hospital as in-patient or out-patient and (ii) a combined measure of a diagnosis of depression or use of antidepressants.RESULTS: A total of 1 576 253 subjects were exposed to one of the six drugs of interest during the exposure period from 2005 to 2015. Continued use of low-dose aspirin, statins, allopurinol and angiotensin agents was associated with a decreased rate of incident depression according to both outcome measures. Continued uses of non-aspirin NSAIDs as well as high-dose aspirin were associated with an increased rate of incident depression.CONCLUSION: The findings support the potential of agents acting on inflammation and the stress response system in depression as well as the potential of population-based registers to systematically identify drugs with repurposing potential.",
keywords = "allopurinol, angiotensin, antidepressants, aspirin, depressive disorder, drug repurposing, inflammation, NSAID, statins, stress",
author = "Kessing, {L V} and Rytgaard, {H C} and Gerds, {T A} and M Berk and Ekstr{\o}m, {C T} and Andersen, {P K}",
note = "{\circledC} 2018 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
doi = "10.1111/acps.12957",
language = "English",
volume = "139",
pages = "68--77",
journal = "Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica",
issn = "0001-690X",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - New drug candidates for depression - a nationwide population-based study

AU - Kessing, L V

AU - Rytgaard, H C

AU - Gerds, T A

AU - Berk, M

AU - Ekstrøm, C T

AU - Andersen, P K

N1 - © 2018 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

PY - 2019/1

Y1 - 2019/1

N2 - OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether continued use of non-aspirin NSAID, low-dose aspirin, high-dose aspirin, statins, allopurinol and angiotensin agents decreases the rate of incident depression using Danish nationwide population-based registers.METHODS: All persons in Denmark who purchased the exposure medications of interest between 1995 and 2015 and a random sample of 30% of the Danish population was included in the study. Two different outcome measures were included, (i) a diagnosis of depressive disorder at a psychiatric hospital as in-patient or out-patient and (ii) a combined measure of a diagnosis of depression or use of antidepressants.RESULTS: A total of 1 576 253 subjects were exposed to one of the six drugs of interest during the exposure period from 2005 to 2015. Continued use of low-dose aspirin, statins, allopurinol and angiotensin agents was associated with a decreased rate of incident depression according to both outcome measures. Continued uses of non-aspirin NSAIDs as well as high-dose aspirin were associated with an increased rate of incident depression.CONCLUSION: The findings support the potential of agents acting on inflammation and the stress response system in depression as well as the potential of population-based registers to systematically identify drugs with repurposing potential.

AB - OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether continued use of non-aspirin NSAID, low-dose aspirin, high-dose aspirin, statins, allopurinol and angiotensin agents decreases the rate of incident depression using Danish nationwide population-based registers.METHODS: All persons in Denmark who purchased the exposure medications of interest between 1995 and 2015 and a random sample of 30% of the Danish population was included in the study. Two different outcome measures were included, (i) a diagnosis of depressive disorder at a psychiatric hospital as in-patient or out-patient and (ii) a combined measure of a diagnosis of depression or use of antidepressants.RESULTS: A total of 1 576 253 subjects were exposed to one of the six drugs of interest during the exposure period from 2005 to 2015. Continued use of low-dose aspirin, statins, allopurinol and angiotensin agents was associated with a decreased rate of incident depression according to both outcome measures. Continued uses of non-aspirin NSAIDs as well as high-dose aspirin were associated with an increased rate of incident depression.CONCLUSION: The findings support the potential of agents acting on inflammation and the stress response system in depression as well as the potential of population-based registers to systematically identify drugs with repurposing potential.

KW - allopurinol

KW - angiotensin

KW - antidepressants

KW - aspirin

KW - depressive disorder

KW - drug repurposing

KW - inflammation

KW - NSAID

KW - statins

KW - stress

U2 - 10.1111/acps.12957

DO - 10.1111/acps.12957

M3 - Journal article

VL - 139

SP - 68

EP - 77

JO - Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica

JF - Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica

SN - 0001-690X

IS - 1

ER -

ID: 56121007