OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of specific neurodevelopmental disorders in children believed to have isolated mild ventriculomegaly (IMV) prenatally in the second trimester of pregnancy, in order to optimize the counseling process.
METHODS: This was a nationwide registry-based study including all singleton pregnancies that had first- and second-trimester ultrasound scans in the period 1 st January 2008 to 1 st October 2014, identified in the Danish Fetal Medicine Database and local clinical databases in Denmark. All fetuses diagnosed prenatally with IMV (measurement of the atrium of the lateral ventricles, 10.0-15.0 mm) between 18 and 22 weeks' gestation were followed up in national patient registers until the age of 2-7 years. Information was obtained on the diagnoses of intellectual disability, cerebral palsy, autism spectrum disorder, epilepsy and impaired psychomotor development. Neurodevelopmental disorders were compared between those with postnatally confirmed IMV and a reference population of children in the same age range.
RESULTS: Of a cohort of 292 046 fetuses, 133 were found to have apparent IMV on the second-trimester scan for fetal malformations. In 11 cases, long-term follow-up was not possible owing to termination of pregnancy, spontaneous miscarriage, neonatal death or loss to follow-up. Of the 122 liveborn children followed up until 2-7 years, 15 were identified as having an additional abnormality while 107 were confirmed postnatally to have IMV. Of these 107 children, the diagnosis of a neurodevelopmental disorder was registered in six (5.6%), corresponding to an odds ratio of 2.64 (95% CI, 1.16-6.02), as compared with the reference population. The diagnoses were autism spectrum disorder, epilepsy and impaired psychomotor development. None of these 107 children was diagnosed with intellectual disability or cerebral palsy.
CONCLUSIONS: Our results show that a confirmed diagnosis of IMV was associated with an increased risk of a neurodevelopmental disorder, as compared with the reference population, but the absolute risk was low and there were no cases of intellectual disability or cerebral palsy. Copyright © 2018 ISUOG. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
|Tidsskrift||Ultrasound in obstetrics & gynecology : the official journal of the International Society of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology|
|Status||Udgivet - aug. 2019|