Neoadjuvant chemotherapy in locally advanced colon cancer. A phase II trial

Anders Jakobsen, Fahimeh Zarifkar Andersen, Anders Fischer, Lars H Jensen, Jens Jørgensen, Finn Ole Larsen, Jan Lindebjerg, John Pløen, Søren Rafael Rafaelsen, Jesper Vilandt

77 Citationer (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Neoadjuvant chemotherapy has proven valuable in several tumors, but it has not been elucidated in colon cancer. The present phase II trial addressed the issue in high-risk patients selected by computed tomography (CT) scan.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients with resectable colon cancer fulfilling the following criteria were offered inclusion; Histopathological verification of adenocarcinoma, T3 tumor on CT scan with extramural tumor invasion > 5 mm or T4 tumor, age ≥ 18 years, PS ≤ 2, adequate hematology, and informed consent. Patients with KRAS, BRAF or PIK3CA mutation or unknown mutational status received three cycles of capecitabine 2000 mg/m(2) days 1-14 q3w and oxaliplatin 130 mg iv day 1 q3w. Wild-type patients received the same chemotherapy supplemented with panitumumab 9 mg/kg iv q3w. After the operation, patients fulfilling the international criteria for adjuvant chemotherapy, i.e. high-risk stage II and III patients, received five cycles of the same chemotherapy without panitumumab. Patients not fulfilling the criteria were offered follow-up only. The primary endpoint was the fraction of patients not fulfilling the criteria for adjuvant chemotherapy (converted patients). Secondary endpoints were recurrence rate, disease-free survival (DFS), and toxicity.

RESULTS: The study included 77 patients. The conversion rate was 42% in the wild-type group compared to 51% in patients with a mutation. The cumulative recurrence rate in converted versus unconverted patients was 6% versus 32% (p = 0.005) translating into a three-year DFS of 94% versus 63% (p = 0.005).

CONCLUSION: Neoadjuvant chemotherapy in colon cancer is feasible and the results suggest that a major part of the patients can be spared adjuvant chemotherapy. Validation in a randomized trial is warranted.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftActa oncologica
Vol/bind54
Udgave nummer10
Sider (fra-til)1747-1753
Antal sider7
ISSN0284-186X
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 29 apr. 2015

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