BACKGROUND: Myocardial work is a novel echocardiographic measure that offers detailed insights into cardiac mechanics. We sought to characterize cardiac function by myocardial work in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD).

METHODS: We prospectively enrolled 757 patients with non-dialysis-dependent CKD and 174 age- and sex-matched controls. Echocardiographic pressure-strain loop analysis was performed to acquire the global work index (GWI). Linear regressions were performed to investigate the association between estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and urine albumin-creatinine ratio (UACR) to GWI.

RESULTS: Patients with CKD had a mean age of 57 years, 61% were men, and median eGFR was 42 mL/min/1.73 m2. Overall, no difference in GWI was observed between patients and controls (1879 vs. 1943 mmHg%, p = 0.06). However, a stepwise decline in GWI was observed for controls vs. patients with CKD without left ventricular hypertrophy vs. patients with CKD and left ventricular hypertrophy (GWI, 1943 vs. 1887 vs. 1789 mmHg%; p for trend = 0.030). In patients with CKD, eGFR was not associated with GWI by linear regression. However, diabetes modified this association (p for interaction = 0.007), such that per 10 mL/min/1.73 m2 decrease in eGFR, GWI decreased by 22 (9-35) mmHg% (p = 0.001) after multivariable adjustments in patients without diabetes, but with no association between eGFR and GWI in patients with diabetes. No association was observed between UACR and GWI.

CONCLUSION: Patients with CKD and left ventricular hypertrophy exhibited lower myocardial work compared to matched controls. Furthermore, decreasing eGFR was associated with decreasing myocardial work only in patients without diabetes. No association to UACR was observed.

TidsskriftClinical research in cardiology : official journal of the German Cardiac Society
StatusE-pub ahead of print - 15 maj 2024


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