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Muscle power is an important measure to detect deficits in muscle function in hip osteoarthritis: a cross-sectional study

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@article{2617bb4ea3ea481fa06437e9dd87d11f,
title = "Muscle power is an important measure to detect deficits in muscle function in hip osteoarthritis: a cross-sectional study",
abstract = "PURPOSE: To investigate between-leg differences in hip and thigh muscle strength and leg extensor power in patients with unilateral hip osteoarthritis. Further, to compare between-leg differences in knee extensor strength and leg extensor power between patients and healthy peers.METHODS: Seventy-two patients (60-87 years) with radiographic and symptomatic hip osteoarthritis not awaiting hip replacement and 35 healthy peers (63-82 years) were included. Hip and thigh muscle strength and leg extensor power were measured in patients and knee extensor strength and leg extensor power in healthy.RESULTS: The symptomatic extremity in patients was significantly (p < 0.05, paired t-test) weaker compared with the non-symptomatic extremity for five hip muscles (8-17{\%}), knee extensors (11{\%}) and leg extensor power (19{\%}). Healthy older adults had asymmetry in knee extensor strength (6{\%}, p < 0.05) comparable to that found in patients, but had no asymmetry in leg extensor power.CONCLUSIONS: Patients had generalized weakening of the affected lower extremity and numerically the largest asymmetry was evident for leg extensor power. In contrast, healthy peers had no asymmetry in leg extensor power. These results indicate that exercise interventions focusing on improving leg extensor power of the symptomatic lower extremity and reducing asymmetry may be beneficial for patients with hip osteoarthritis. Implications for Rehabilitation Even in patients with mild symptoms not awaiting hip replacement a generalized muscle weakening of the symptomatic lower extremity seems to be present. Between-leg differences in leg extensor power (force × velocity) appears to be relatively large (19{\%}) in patients with unilateral hip osteoarthritis in contrast to healthy peers who show no asymmetry. Compared to muscle strength the relationship between functional performance and leg extensor power seems to be stronger, and more strongly related to power of the symptomatic lower extremity. Our results indicate that exercise interventions focusing on improving leg extensor power of the symptomatic lower extremity and reducing asymmetry may be beneficial for patients with mild symptoms not awaiting hip replacement.",
author = "Theresa Bieler and Magnusson, {Stig Peter} and Christensen, {Helle Elisabeth} and Michael Kjaer and Nina Beyer",
year = "2017",
month = "7",
doi = "10.1080/09638288.2016.1198426",
language = "English",
volume = "39",
pages = "1414--1421",
journal = "Disability and Rehabilitation",
issn = "0963-8288",
publisher = "Informa Healthcare",
number = "14",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Muscle power is an important measure to detect deficits in muscle function in hip osteoarthritis

T2 - a cross-sectional study

AU - Bieler, Theresa

AU - Magnusson, Stig Peter

AU - Christensen, Helle Elisabeth

AU - Kjaer, Michael

AU - Beyer, Nina

PY - 2017/7

Y1 - 2017/7

N2 - PURPOSE: To investigate between-leg differences in hip and thigh muscle strength and leg extensor power in patients with unilateral hip osteoarthritis. Further, to compare between-leg differences in knee extensor strength and leg extensor power between patients and healthy peers.METHODS: Seventy-two patients (60-87 years) with radiographic and symptomatic hip osteoarthritis not awaiting hip replacement and 35 healthy peers (63-82 years) were included. Hip and thigh muscle strength and leg extensor power were measured in patients and knee extensor strength and leg extensor power in healthy.RESULTS: The symptomatic extremity in patients was significantly (p < 0.05, paired t-test) weaker compared with the non-symptomatic extremity for five hip muscles (8-17%), knee extensors (11%) and leg extensor power (19%). Healthy older adults had asymmetry in knee extensor strength (6%, p < 0.05) comparable to that found in patients, but had no asymmetry in leg extensor power.CONCLUSIONS: Patients had generalized weakening of the affected lower extremity and numerically the largest asymmetry was evident for leg extensor power. In contrast, healthy peers had no asymmetry in leg extensor power. These results indicate that exercise interventions focusing on improving leg extensor power of the symptomatic lower extremity and reducing asymmetry may be beneficial for patients with hip osteoarthritis. Implications for Rehabilitation Even in patients with mild symptoms not awaiting hip replacement a generalized muscle weakening of the symptomatic lower extremity seems to be present. Between-leg differences in leg extensor power (force × velocity) appears to be relatively large (19%) in patients with unilateral hip osteoarthritis in contrast to healthy peers who show no asymmetry. Compared to muscle strength the relationship between functional performance and leg extensor power seems to be stronger, and more strongly related to power of the symptomatic lower extremity. Our results indicate that exercise interventions focusing on improving leg extensor power of the symptomatic lower extremity and reducing asymmetry may be beneficial for patients with mild symptoms not awaiting hip replacement.

AB - PURPOSE: To investigate between-leg differences in hip and thigh muscle strength and leg extensor power in patients with unilateral hip osteoarthritis. Further, to compare between-leg differences in knee extensor strength and leg extensor power between patients and healthy peers.METHODS: Seventy-two patients (60-87 years) with radiographic and symptomatic hip osteoarthritis not awaiting hip replacement and 35 healthy peers (63-82 years) were included. Hip and thigh muscle strength and leg extensor power were measured in patients and knee extensor strength and leg extensor power in healthy.RESULTS: The symptomatic extremity in patients was significantly (p < 0.05, paired t-test) weaker compared with the non-symptomatic extremity for five hip muscles (8-17%), knee extensors (11%) and leg extensor power (19%). Healthy older adults had asymmetry in knee extensor strength (6%, p < 0.05) comparable to that found in patients, but had no asymmetry in leg extensor power.CONCLUSIONS: Patients had generalized weakening of the affected lower extremity and numerically the largest asymmetry was evident for leg extensor power. In contrast, healthy peers had no asymmetry in leg extensor power. These results indicate that exercise interventions focusing on improving leg extensor power of the symptomatic lower extremity and reducing asymmetry may be beneficial for patients with hip osteoarthritis. Implications for Rehabilitation Even in patients with mild symptoms not awaiting hip replacement a generalized muscle weakening of the symptomatic lower extremity seems to be present. Between-leg differences in leg extensor power (force × velocity) appears to be relatively large (19%) in patients with unilateral hip osteoarthritis in contrast to healthy peers who show no asymmetry. Compared to muscle strength the relationship between functional performance and leg extensor power seems to be stronger, and more strongly related to power of the symptomatic lower extremity. Our results indicate that exercise interventions focusing on improving leg extensor power of the symptomatic lower extremity and reducing asymmetry may be beneficial for patients with mild symptoms not awaiting hip replacement.

U2 - 10.1080/09638288.2016.1198426

DO - 10.1080/09638288.2016.1198426

M3 - Journal article

VL - 39

SP - 1414

EP - 1421

JO - Disability and Rehabilitation

JF - Disability and Rehabilitation

SN - 0963-8288

IS - 14

ER -

ID: 49631356