Multiple risk factors for diabetes mellitus in patients with chronic pancreatitis: A multicentre study of 1117 cases

Søren S Olesen, Jakob L Poulsen, Srdan Novovic, Camilla Nøjgaard, Evangelos Kalaitzakis, Nanna M Jensen, Trond Engjom, Erling Tjora, Anne Waage, Truls Hauge, Stephan L Haas, Miroslav Vujasinovic, Giedrius Barauskas, Aldis Pukitis, Imanta Ozola-Zālīte, Alexey Okhlobystin, Mikael Parhiala, Johanna Laukkarinen, Asbjørn M Drewes

21 Citationer (Scopus)


BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus is a common complication of chronic pancreatitis. It is traditionally considered to develop as a consequence of beta cell loss, but there might be additional factors. Recent studies have highlighted the importance of type 2 diabetes-related risk factors in this context and population-based studies show increased risk of diabetes following acute pancreatitis. The aim of this study was to explore multiple risk factors for diabetes in patients with chronic pancreatitis.

METHODS: We conducted a multicentre, cross-sectional study of patients with definitive chronic pancreatitis according to the M-ANNHEIM criteria. We used multivariable logistic regression models to determine risk factors independently associated with diabetes.

RESULTS: The study included 1117 patients of whom 457 (40.9 %) had diabetes. The mean age was 52.8 ± 14.2 years and 67% were men. On multivariate analysis, parameters indicative of beta cell loss (pancreatic calcification, exocrine insufficiency, pancreatic resection) were confirmed as independent risk factors for diabetes (all p ≤ 0.02). In addition, type 2 diabetes-related risk factors (dyslipidaemia and overweight/obesity) were associated with the presence of diabetes (all p ≤ 0.002). Patients with a history of pancreatic fluid collections (indicative of previous attacks of acute pancreatitis) had a marginally increased risk of diabetes (p = 0.07).

CONCLUSION: In patients with chronic pancreatitis the presence of diabetes is associated with multiple risk factors including type 2 diabetes-related factors. Our observations attest to the understanding of this entity and may have implications for treatment.

TidsskriftUnited European Gastroenterology Journal
Udgave nummer4
Sider (fra-til)453-461
Antal sider9
StatusUdgivet - maj 2020


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