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Region Hovedstaden - en del af Københavns Universitetshospital

Multiple Fractures and Impaired Bone Fracture Healing in a Patient with Pycnodysostosis and Hypophosphatasia

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Pycnodysostosis (PYCD) is a rare recessive inherited skeletal disease, characterized by short stature, brittle bones, and recurrent fractures, caused by variants in the Cathepsin K encoding gene that leads to impaired osteoclast-mediated bone resorption. Hypophosphatasia (HPP) is a dominant or recessive inherited condition representing a heterogeneous phenotype with dental symptoms, recurrent fractures, and musculoskeletal problems. The disease results from mutation(s) in the tissue non-specific alkaline phosphate encoding gene with reduced activity of alkaline phosphatase and secondarily defective mineralization of bone and teeth. Here, we present the first report of a patient with the coexistence of PYCD and HPP. This patient presented typical clinical findings of PYCD, including short stature, maxillary hypoplasia, and sleep apnoea. However, the burden of disease was caused by over 30 fractures, whereupon most showed delayed healing and non-union. Biochemical analysis revealed suppressed bone resorption and low bone formation capacity. We suggest that the coexistence of impaired bone resorption and mineralization may explain the severe bone phenotype with poor fracture healing.

TidsskriftCalcified Tissue International
Udgave nummer6
Sider (fra-til)681-686
Antal sider6
StatusUdgivet - dec. 2019

ID: 57916845