Multifocal visual evoked potential evaluation for diagnosis of acute optic neuritis and for prediction of visual outcome and ganglion cell layer thinning following optic neuritis

Abstract

BACKGROUND: While damage to the optic nerve following optic neuritis (ON) is readily quantifiable, the evaluation of prognosis for visual function and neuroaxonal loss in the acute ON is challenging.

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to investigate the value of multifocal visual evoked potential (mfVEP) in acute ON, diagnostically for acute ON and prognostically for visual outcome and subsequent ganglion cell/inner plexiform layer thickness (GCLIPLt).

METHODS: A prospective cohort study of mfVEP and full-field visual evoked potential (ffVEP) in acute, unilateral ON (onset < 31 days) was conducted. Comparisons with healthy controls (n = 30) and association analysis with follow-up optical coherence tomography (OCT) measurements (of the GCLIPLt) and visual function (Sloan low-contrast visual acuity (LCVA)) were conducted.

RESULTS: Seventy-nine ON patients were included (mean: 17 days from onset). Excluding measurements with conduction block, ffVEP (n = 54) and mfVEP (n = 44) showed sensitivities of 89% and 84% to a specificity of 97%. 65/79 patients were re-examined (mean: 200 days follow-up). mfVEP amplitude and latency inter-eye asymmetry in acute ON correlated with GCLIPLt (r = 0.587 and Spearman's ρ = 0.597, for both, p < 0.001). mfVEP amplitude correlated with LCVA inter-eye asymmetry at follow-up (r = 0.421, p < 0.001), mfVEP latency did not.

CONCLUSION: mfVEP may support the prognostic evaluation of acute ON patients and prove valuable in future neuroprotective and remyelinating trials. In acute ON, the increase in diagnostic value of mfVEP to ffVEP may be limited due to widespread conduction block.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftMultiple Sclerosis Journal
Vol/bind27
Udgave nummer11
Sider (fra-til)1717-1726
Antal sider10
ISSN1352-4585
DOI
StatusUdgivet - okt. 2021

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