Mucosal/submucosal blood flow in the gut wall determined by local washout of 133Xenon

Peter Mortensen, J Olsen, J Bülow, E Hage, Sven Edelfors

2 Citationer (Scopus)


A 133Xe washout technique for measuring the blood flow in the intestinal mucosa is introduced and evaluated. In 11 anaesthetized pigs a laparotomy was performed and the mucosal blood flow rate in the intestine of the pig was determined by a local epimucosal application of 133Xe. In both the colon and the small intestine the 133Xe washout plotted in a semilogarithmic diagram showed a multiexponential configuration. Histological examination and localization studies showed shunting by diffusion of 133Xe in the intestinal mucosa explaining the multiexponential configuration of the washout curve. Therefore the initial slope of the washout was used for measuring blood flow rate. Blood flow rate was simultaneously measured by microsphere entrapment technique. There was an excellent correlation between the blood flow rate determined by the two techniques the correlation coefficient R being 0.89 in the small intestine and 0.996 in the colon.
TidsskriftActa Physiologica Scandinavica. Supplementum
Sider (fra-til)75-84
Antal sider10
StatusUdgivet - 1991


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