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Region Hovedstaden - en del af Københavns Universitetshospital
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MR-visible water content in human brain: a proton MRS study.

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  • P Christiansen
  • P B Toft
  • P Gideon
  • E R Danielsen
  • P Ring
  • O Henriksen
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In vivo measurement of metabolite concentrations in the human brain by means of proton-MRS contributes significantly to the clinical evaluation of patients with diseases of the brain. The fully relaxed water signal has been proposed as an internal standard for calibration of the MRS measurements. The major drawbacks are the necessity to make the assumptions that the water concentrations in the brain and that all tissue water is MR-visible. A number of in vivo measurements were carried out to estimate the concentration of MR-visible water in the brain of healthy volunteers divided into four age groups: newborn (0-23 days), adolescents (10-15 yr), adults (22-28 yr), and elderly people (60-74 yr). The examinations were carried out using a Siemens Helicon SP 63/84 MR-scanner operating at 1.5 T. Except for the newborn, four regions were studied in each subject using stimulated echo (STEAM) sequences without water suppression. In vitro measurements on a standard phantom were used for calibration. The calculated water concentrations ranged between 35.8 and 39.6 (mean 36.9) mol.[kg wet weight]-1 in the three groups, whereas it was 51.5 mol.[kg wet weight]-1 in the newborn, p < .01. The observed water concentration of neither the four regions nor of the three oldest age groups were significantly different. Comparisons between the water concentrations measured and those expected based on estimation of the content of grey and white matter in the region of interest from T1-weighted images and biochemical data published, suggest that only a small fraction (< 5%) of the tissue water may be MR-invisible.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Bidragets oversatte titelMR-visible water content in human brain: a proton MRS study.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftMagnetic Resonance Imaging
Vol/bind12
Udgave nummer8
Sider (fra-til)1237-1244
Antal sider8
ISSN0730-725X
StatusUdgivet - 1994

ID: 32491770