Morbidity and mortality rates after emergency abdominal surgery: an analysis of 4346 patients scheduled for emergency laparotomy or laparoscopy

Mai-Britt Tolstrup, Sara Kehlet Watt, Ismail Gögenur

74 Citationer (Scopus)

Abstract

PURPOSE: Emergency abdominal surgery results in a high rate of post-operative complications and death. There are limited data describing the emergency surgical population in details. We aimed to give a detailed analyses of complications and mortality in a consecutive group of patients undergoing acute abdominal surgery over a 4-year period.

METHODS: This observational study was conducted between 2009 and 2013 at Copenhagen University Hospital Herlev, Denmark. All patients scheduled for emergency laparotomy or laparoscopy were included. Pre-, intra-, and post-operative data were collected from medical records. Complications were registered according to the Clavien-Dindo classification. Cox regression analysis was performed to identify risk factors for mortality.

RESULTS: A total of 4,346 patients underwent emergency surgery, of whom 14 % had surgical complications and 23 % medical complications. The overall 30-day mortality was 8 % with 50 % of those in this group over 80 years of age. The 30-day mortality rates were 0.8 % (95 % CI 0.5-1.1) and 17 % (95 % CI 15.5-18.9), respectively, for the laparoscopy and the laparotomy groups. The overall death rate within 24 h of surgery was 21 %. Several risk factors for 30- and 90-day mortality were identified: age, ASA ≥3 (American Society of Anaesthesiologists physical status classification), performance score (Zubroed/WHOclassification), cirrhosis of the liver, chronic nephropathy, several medical conditions, and malignancy.

CONCLUSION: Almost one in five patients died after emergency laparotomy, of whom one in five died within 24 h of surgery. Predictors for poor outcome were identified.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftLangenbeck's archives of surgery / Deutsche Gesellschaft für Chirurgie
Vol/bind402
Udgave nummer4
Sider (fra-til)615-623
Antal sider9
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2017

Fingeraftryk

Dyk ned i forskningsemnerne om 'Morbidity and mortality rates after emergency abdominal surgery: an analysis of 4346 patients scheduled for emergency laparotomy or laparoscopy'. Sammen danner de et unikt fingeraftryk.

Citationsformater