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Migraine is associated with high brain 5-HT levels as indexed by 5-HT4 receptor binding

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@article{c7702982f77e4dc78d30e69acefa41ff,
title = "Migraine is associated with high brain 5-HT levels as indexed by 5-HT4 receptor binding",
abstract = "Introduction: Serotonin (5-HT) plays a role in migraine pathophysiology, but whether brain 5-HT is involved in the conversion from episodic to chronic migraine is unknown. Here, we investigated brain 5-HT levels, as indexed by 5-HT4 receptor binding, in chronic migraine patients and evaluated whether these were associated with migraine frequency. Methods: Sixteen chronic migraine patients underwent a dynamic PET scan after injection of [11C]SB207145, a specific 5-HT4 receptor radioligand. Data from 15 episodic migraine patients and 16 controls were included for comparison. Quantification of 5-HT4 receptor binding was used as a proxy for brain 5-HT levels, since 5-HT4 receptor binding is inversely related to brain 5-HT levels. Results: Chronic migraine patients had 9.1{\%} (95{\%} CI: [−17{\%}; −1.0{\%}]) lower 5-HT4 receptor binding compared to controls (p = 0.039). There was no difference in 5-HT4 receptor binding between chronic and episodic migraine patients (p = 0.48) and no association between number of monthly migraine days and 5-HT4 receptor binding (slope estimate 0.003, 95{\%} CI: [−0.004; 0.715], p = 0.39). Conclusion: The finding of low 5-HT4 receptor binding suggests that cerebral levels of 5-HT are elevated in chronic migraine patients. This is in line with observations made in patients with episodic migraine. Elevated brain 5-HT levels may thus be an inherent trait of the migraine brain rather than a risk factor for conversion from episodic to chronic migraine.",
keywords = "chronic migraine, CNS, Headache, neuroimaging, pain, PET",
author = "Marie Deen and Anders Hougaard and Hansen, {Hanne D.} and Claus Svarer and Hans Eiberg and Szabolcs Lehel and Knudsen, {Gitte M.} and Messoud Ashina",
year = "2019",
month = "4",
doi = "10.1177/0333102418793642",
language = "English",
volume = "39",
pages = "526--532",
journal = "Cephalalgia",
issn = "0333-1024",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd",
number = "4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Migraine is associated with high brain 5-HT levels as indexed by 5-HT4 receptor binding

AU - Deen, Marie

AU - Hougaard, Anders

AU - Hansen, Hanne D.

AU - Svarer, Claus

AU - Eiberg, Hans

AU - Lehel, Szabolcs

AU - Knudsen, Gitte M.

AU - Ashina, Messoud

PY - 2019/4

Y1 - 2019/4

N2 - Introduction: Serotonin (5-HT) plays a role in migraine pathophysiology, but whether brain 5-HT is involved in the conversion from episodic to chronic migraine is unknown. Here, we investigated brain 5-HT levels, as indexed by 5-HT4 receptor binding, in chronic migraine patients and evaluated whether these were associated with migraine frequency. Methods: Sixteen chronic migraine patients underwent a dynamic PET scan after injection of [11C]SB207145, a specific 5-HT4 receptor radioligand. Data from 15 episodic migraine patients and 16 controls were included for comparison. Quantification of 5-HT4 receptor binding was used as a proxy for brain 5-HT levels, since 5-HT4 receptor binding is inversely related to brain 5-HT levels. Results: Chronic migraine patients had 9.1% (95% CI: [−17%; −1.0%]) lower 5-HT4 receptor binding compared to controls (p = 0.039). There was no difference in 5-HT4 receptor binding between chronic and episodic migraine patients (p = 0.48) and no association between number of monthly migraine days and 5-HT4 receptor binding (slope estimate 0.003, 95% CI: [−0.004; 0.715], p = 0.39). Conclusion: The finding of low 5-HT4 receptor binding suggests that cerebral levels of 5-HT are elevated in chronic migraine patients. This is in line with observations made in patients with episodic migraine. Elevated brain 5-HT levels may thus be an inherent trait of the migraine brain rather than a risk factor for conversion from episodic to chronic migraine.

AB - Introduction: Serotonin (5-HT) plays a role in migraine pathophysiology, but whether brain 5-HT is involved in the conversion from episodic to chronic migraine is unknown. Here, we investigated brain 5-HT levels, as indexed by 5-HT4 receptor binding, in chronic migraine patients and evaluated whether these were associated with migraine frequency. Methods: Sixteen chronic migraine patients underwent a dynamic PET scan after injection of [11C]SB207145, a specific 5-HT4 receptor radioligand. Data from 15 episodic migraine patients and 16 controls were included for comparison. Quantification of 5-HT4 receptor binding was used as a proxy for brain 5-HT levels, since 5-HT4 receptor binding is inversely related to brain 5-HT levels. Results: Chronic migraine patients had 9.1% (95% CI: [−17%; −1.0%]) lower 5-HT4 receptor binding compared to controls (p = 0.039). There was no difference in 5-HT4 receptor binding between chronic and episodic migraine patients (p = 0.48) and no association between number of monthly migraine days and 5-HT4 receptor binding (slope estimate 0.003, 95% CI: [−0.004; 0.715], p = 0.39). Conclusion: The finding of low 5-HT4 receptor binding suggests that cerebral levels of 5-HT are elevated in chronic migraine patients. This is in line with observations made in patients with episodic migraine. Elevated brain 5-HT levels may thus be an inherent trait of the migraine brain rather than a risk factor for conversion from episodic to chronic migraine.

KW - chronic migraine

KW - CNS

KW - Headache

KW - neuroimaging

KW - pain

KW - PET

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85052560320&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/0333102418793642

DO - 10.1177/0333102418793642

M3 - Journal article

VL - 39

SP - 526

EP - 532

JO - Cephalalgia

JF - Cephalalgia

SN - 0333-1024

IS - 4

ER -

ID: 55587424