BACKGROUND: Whilst bony fixation of hip replacement has stable solutions, there remains controversy over which bearing best optimizes longevity and function. Ceramic-on-ceramic (CoC) bearing combinations are associated with lower risk of revision due to aseptic loosening and dislocation. Evidence for long-term functional outcomes of modern, 4th generation CoC bearings is limited. The aim of this study was to analyze outcomes and complications of the R3™ Acetabular System (Smith & Nephew, Inc., Cordova, TN, USA) in combination with BIOLOX® Delta ceramic femoral head in patients undergoing primary total hip arthroplasty (THA).
METHODS: Between June 2009 and May 2011, 175 patients (178 hips) were enrolled into a prospective, study at 6 sites in Europe and prospectively followed-up at 3 months and 1, 3, 5, and 7 years postoperative.
RESULTS: Total WOMAC score improved from 63 (range, 22-91) preoperative to 8 (range, 0-8) at 1-year follow-up and remained unchanged at 7-year follow-up. Modified Harris hip score improved from 45 (range, 10-87) preoperative to 83 (range, 25-100) at 3 months, 91 (range, 42-100) at 1 year, and 92 (range, 46, 100) at 7 years. UCLA Activity Rating Scale score improved from 3.3 (range, 1-8) preoperative to 6.2 (range, 2-8) at 1 year; it marginally declined to 5.8 (range, 3-8) at 7-year follow-up. There were 4 trochanteric fractures and 5 patients died of unrelated reasons. Three hips were revised (2 periprosthetic fractures and 1 subluxation). The 7-year cumulative survival rate was 98.3%.
CONCLUSION: Clinical and functional improvements of THA with CoC bearing are maintained at 7 years postoperative.
TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.Gov, NCT03566082 , Registered 10 January 2018-retrospectively registered.