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Menstrual disturbances and fertility in chronic alcoholic women

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@article{e5296b5e1f7b4afa9f0b60fe01de9d05,
title = "Menstrual disturbances and fertility in chronic alcoholic women",
abstract = "Data on menstrual pattern, gynecological disorders and infertility were obtained from 51 chronic alcoholic women aged 20--42 years attending an outpatient clinic for alcoholics, using 51 randomly drawn age-matched healthy women as controls. A higher variability (P less than 0.05) in the duration of both menstrual cycle and menstrual flow was recorded in the chronic alcoholic women during active alcoholism. A higher frequency (P less than 0.05) of menstrual disturbances (70{\%} vs. 55{\%}) and uterine curettages (38{\%} vs. 16{\%}) were found in the alcoholic women. The latter reported more abortions (63{\%} vs. 28{\%}, P less than 0.001) and miscarriages (23{\%} vs. 8{\%}, P less than 0.05) than controls, but due to a higher number of pregnancies in the alcoholic group the proportion of abortions and miscarriages did not differ significantly. No differences existed between the groups regarding frequency of difficult conception. Social classification had no independent influence on the results. The study shows that chronic alcoholic women are more prone to menstrual abnormalities and are at greater risk of gynecological interventions, while they do not seem to have reduced fertility.",
keywords = "Adolescent, Adult, Alcoholism, Female, Fertility, Humans, Menstruation, Menstruation Disturbances",
author = "U Becker and H T{\o}nnesen and N Kaas-Claesson and C Gluud",
year = "1989",
month = "8",
language = "English",
volume = "24",
pages = "75--82",
journal = "Drug and Alcohol Dependence",
issn = "0376-8716",
publisher = "Elsevier Ireland Ltd",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Menstrual disturbances and fertility in chronic alcoholic women

AU - Becker, U

AU - Tønnesen, H

AU - Kaas-Claesson, N

AU - Gluud, C

PY - 1989/8

Y1 - 1989/8

N2 - Data on menstrual pattern, gynecological disorders and infertility were obtained from 51 chronic alcoholic women aged 20--42 years attending an outpatient clinic for alcoholics, using 51 randomly drawn age-matched healthy women as controls. A higher variability (P less than 0.05) in the duration of both menstrual cycle and menstrual flow was recorded in the chronic alcoholic women during active alcoholism. A higher frequency (P less than 0.05) of menstrual disturbances (70% vs. 55%) and uterine curettages (38% vs. 16%) were found in the alcoholic women. The latter reported more abortions (63% vs. 28%, P less than 0.001) and miscarriages (23% vs. 8%, P less than 0.05) than controls, but due to a higher number of pregnancies in the alcoholic group the proportion of abortions and miscarriages did not differ significantly. No differences existed between the groups regarding frequency of difficult conception. Social classification had no independent influence on the results. The study shows that chronic alcoholic women are more prone to menstrual abnormalities and are at greater risk of gynecological interventions, while they do not seem to have reduced fertility.

AB - Data on menstrual pattern, gynecological disorders and infertility were obtained from 51 chronic alcoholic women aged 20--42 years attending an outpatient clinic for alcoholics, using 51 randomly drawn age-matched healthy women as controls. A higher variability (P less than 0.05) in the duration of both menstrual cycle and menstrual flow was recorded in the chronic alcoholic women during active alcoholism. A higher frequency (P less than 0.05) of menstrual disturbances (70% vs. 55%) and uterine curettages (38% vs. 16%) were found in the alcoholic women. The latter reported more abortions (63% vs. 28%, P less than 0.001) and miscarriages (23% vs. 8%, P less than 0.05) than controls, but due to a higher number of pregnancies in the alcoholic group the proportion of abortions and miscarriages did not differ significantly. No differences existed between the groups regarding frequency of difficult conception. Social classification had no independent influence on the results. The study shows that chronic alcoholic women are more prone to menstrual abnormalities and are at greater risk of gynecological interventions, while they do not seem to have reduced fertility.

KW - Adolescent

KW - Adult

KW - Alcoholism

KW - Female

KW - Fertility

KW - Humans

KW - Menstruation

KW - Menstruation Disturbances

M3 - Journal article

VL - 24

SP - 75

EP - 82

JO - Drug and Alcohol Dependence

JF - Drug and Alcohol Dependence

SN - 0376-8716

IS - 1

ER -

ID: 38932357