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Mechanisms of inhibition of vasopressin release during moderate antiorthostatic posture change in humans

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@article{e54d3a696c8a4c19bb717ef6d4b7553c,
title = "Mechanisms of inhibition of vasopressin release during moderate antiorthostatic posture change in humans",
abstract = "The hypothesis was tested that the carotid baroreceptor stimulation caused by a posture change from upright seated with legs horizontal (Seat) to supine (Sup) participates in the suppression of arginine vasopressin (AVP) release. Ten healthy males underwent this posture change for 30 min without or with simultaneous application of lower body negative pressure (LBNP) adjusted to maintain left atrial diameter (LAD) at the Seat level. Throughout Sup, mean arterial pressure and heart rate decreased from 98 +/- 2 to 91 +/- 2 mmHg and from 63 +/- 2 to 55 +/- 2 beats/min (P < 0.05), respectively, whereas the corresponding decreases during Sup + LBNP were attenuated and of shorter duration (98 +/- 2 to 93 +/- 2 mmHg and 62 +/- 2 to 58 +/- 3 beats/min, P < 0.05). During Sup, LAD increased from 30 +/- 1 to 33 +/- 1 mm, and arterial pulse pressure (PP) increased from 40 +/- 2 to 47 +/- 2 mmHg, whereas plasma AVP decreased from 0.9 +/- 0.2 to 0.5 +/- 0.1 pg/ml (P < 0.05), and plasma norepinephrine (NE) decreased from 176 +/- 20 to 125 +/- 16 pg/ml (P < 0.05). During Sup + LBNP, there were no changes in LAD, PP, plasma AVP, or NE. In conclusion, vasopressin secretion is suppressed during an antiorthostatic posture change, which increases carotid sinus pressure, PP, and LAD. The suppression is absent when PP and LAD are prevented from increasing and is thus critically dependent on at least one of these stimuli.",
keywords = "Adult, Blood Pressure, Humans, Hypotension, Orthostatic, Lower Body Negative Pressure, Male, Posture, Vasopressins",
author = "B Pump and A Gabrielsen and Christensen, {N J} and P Bie and M Bestle and P Norsk",
year = "1999",
month = jul,
language = "English",
volume = "277",
pages = "R229--35",
journal = "American Journal of Physiology (Consolidated)",
issn = "0002-9513",
publisher = "American Physiological Society",
number = "1 Pt 2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Mechanisms of inhibition of vasopressin release during moderate antiorthostatic posture change in humans

AU - Pump, B

AU - Gabrielsen, A

AU - Christensen, N J

AU - Bie, P

AU - Bestle, M

AU - Norsk, P

PY - 1999/7

Y1 - 1999/7

N2 - The hypothesis was tested that the carotid baroreceptor stimulation caused by a posture change from upright seated with legs horizontal (Seat) to supine (Sup) participates in the suppression of arginine vasopressin (AVP) release. Ten healthy males underwent this posture change for 30 min without or with simultaneous application of lower body negative pressure (LBNP) adjusted to maintain left atrial diameter (LAD) at the Seat level. Throughout Sup, mean arterial pressure and heart rate decreased from 98 +/- 2 to 91 +/- 2 mmHg and from 63 +/- 2 to 55 +/- 2 beats/min (P < 0.05), respectively, whereas the corresponding decreases during Sup + LBNP were attenuated and of shorter duration (98 +/- 2 to 93 +/- 2 mmHg and 62 +/- 2 to 58 +/- 3 beats/min, P < 0.05). During Sup, LAD increased from 30 +/- 1 to 33 +/- 1 mm, and arterial pulse pressure (PP) increased from 40 +/- 2 to 47 +/- 2 mmHg, whereas plasma AVP decreased from 0.9 +/- 0.2 to 0.5 +/- 0.1 pg/ml (P < 0.05), and plasma norepinephrine (NE) decreased from 176 +/- 20 to 125 +/- 16 pg/ml (P < 0.05). During Sup + LBNP, there were no changes in LAD, PP, plasma AVP, or NE. In conclusion, vasopressin secretion is suppressed during an antiorthostatic posture change, which increases carotid sinus pressure, PP, and LAD. The suppression is absent when PP and LAD are prevented from increasing and is thus critically dependent on at least one of these stimuli.

AB - The hypothesis was tested that the carotid baroreceptor stimulation caused by a posture change from upright seated with legs horizontal (Seat) to supine (Sup) participates in the suppression of arginine vasopressin (AVP) release. Ten healthy males underwent this posture change for 30 min without or with simultaneous application of lower body negative pressure (LBNP) adjusted to maintain left atrial diameter (LAD) at the Seat level. Throughout Sup, mean arterial pressure and heart rate decreased from 98 +/- 2 to 91 +/- 2 mmHg and from 63 +/- 2 to 55 +/- 2 beats/min (P < 0.05), respectively, whereas the corresponding decreases during Sup + LBNP were attenuated and of shorter duration (98 +/- 2 to 93 +/- 2 mmHg and 62 +/- 2 to 58 +/- 3 beats/min, P < 0.05). During Sup, LAD increased from 30 +/- 1 to 33 +/- 1 mm, and arterial pulse pressure (PP) increased from 40 +/- 2 to 47 +/- 2 mmHg, whereas plasma AVP decreased from 0.9 +/- 0.2 to 0.5 +/- 0.1 pg/ml (P < 0.05), and plasma norepinephrine (NE) decreased from 176 +/- 20 to 125 +/- 16 pg/ml (P < 0.05). During Sup + LBNP, there were no changes in LAD, PP, plasma AVP, or NE. In conclusion, vasopressin secretion is suppressed during an antiorthostatic posture change, which increases carotid sinus pressure, PP, and LAD. The suppression is absent when PP and LAD are prevented from increasing and is thus critically dependent on at least one of these stimuli.

KW - Adult

KW - Blood Pressure

KW - Humans

KW - Hypotension, Orthostatic

KW - Lower Body Negative Pressure

KW - Male

KW - Posture

KW - Vasopressins

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 10409277

VL - 277

SP - R229-35

JO - American Journal of Physiology (Consolidated)

JF - American Journal of Physiology (Consolidated)

SN - 0002-9513

IS - 1 Pt 2

ER -

ID: 44512408