Mannose-Binding Lectin Gene, MBL2, Polymorphisms Do Not Increase Susceptibility to Invasive Meningococcal Disease in a Population of Danish Children

Lene F Lundbo, Henrik T Sørensen, Louise Clausen Nygaard, Mads V Hollegaard, David M Hougaard, Helle B Konradsen, Zitta Barrella Harboe, Mette Nørgaard, Thomas Benfield

15 Citationer (Scopus)

Abstract

Background.  Neisseria meningitidis is the cause of meningococcal bacteremia and meningitis, and nasopharyngeal colonization with this pathogen is common. The incidence of invasive disease is highest in infants, whereas adolescents more often are carriers. Altered regulation or dysfunction of the innate immune system may predispose to invasive meningococcal disease (IMD). In this study, we investigated the effect of genetic variation in the mannose-binding lectin gene, MBL2, and its promoter on susceptibility to IMD and IMD-associated mortality among children. Methods.  Children (<5 years) diagnosed during 1982-2007 with IMD and controls were identified through Danish national registries. DNA was obtained from the Danish Neonatal Screening Biobank. The associations between MBL2 diplotypes and IMD susceptibility and 30- and 90-day mortality were investigated using logistic regression analysis. Results.  We included 1351 children: 406 with meningitis, 272 with bacteremia, and 673 age- and sex-matched controls. Of the children studied, 1292 (96%) were successfully genotyped and assigned MBL2 diplotypes. The median age in IMD cases was 19.1 months (interquartile range [IQR], 8.8-32.2 months). Children with defective MBL2 diplotypes were not at higher risk for meningococcal meningitis than children with intermediate and normal diplotypes (odds ratio [OR] = 0.69; 95% confidence interval [CI], .47-1.02). Similar results were found for children with bacteremia and defective diplotypes (OR = 0.84; 95% CI, .53-1.32) as well as for all cases (OR = 0.75; 95% CI, .56-1.01). There was no association between MBL2 diplotypes and mortality. Conclusions.  Defective MBL2 diplotypes did not predict either an increased IMD susceptibility or mortality in a Danish population of children.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftOpen Forum Infectious Diseases
Vol/bind2
Udgave nummer4
Sider (fra-til)ofv127
DOI
StatusUdgivet - dec. 2015

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