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Management of bleeding in major burn surgery

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@article{1194444112f2466d9efc629be2d24c7c,
title = "Management of bleeding in major burn surgery",
abstract = "Major burn surgery is often associated with excessive bleeding and massive transfusion, and the development of a coagulopathy during major burn surgery is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to review the literature on intraoperative haemostatic resuscitation of burn patients during necrectomy to reveal strategies applied for haemostatic monitoring and resuscitation. We searched PubMed, EMBASE, and CENTRAL for studies published in the period 2006-2017 concerning bleeding issues related to burn surgery i.e. coagulopathy, transfusion requirements and clinical outcomes. In a broad search, a total of 1375 papers were identified. 124 of these fulfilled the inclusion criteria, and six of these were included for review. The literature confirmed that transfusion requirements increases with burn injury severity and that haemostatic monitoring by TEG{\circledR} (thrombelastography) or ROTEM{\circledR} (rotational thromboelastometry) significantly decreased intraoperative transfusions and was useful in predicting and goal-directing haemostatic therapy during excision surgery. Resuscitation of bleeding during major burn surgery in many instances was neither standardized nor haemostatic. We suggest that resuscitation should aim for normal haemostasis during the bleeding phase through close haemostatic monitoring and resuscitation. Randomised controlled trials are highly warranted to confirm the benefit of this concept.",
keywords = "Bleeding, Haemostatic, Resuscitation, ROTEM, Surgery, TEG",
author = "Harald Welling and Ostrowski, {Sisse Rye} and Jakob Stensballe and Vestergaard, {Martin Risom} and S{\o}ren Partoft and Jonathan White and Johansson, {P{\"a}r Ingemar}",
note = "Copyright {\circledC} 2018 Elsevier Ltd and ISBI. All rights reserved.",
year = "2019",
month = "6",
doi = "10.1016/j.burns.2018.08.024",
language = "English",
volume = "45",
pages = "755--762",
journal = "Burns",
issn = "0305-4179",
publisher = "Pergamon",
number = "4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Management of bleeding in major burn surgery

AU - Welling, Harald

AU - Ostrowski, Sisse Rye

AU - Stensballe, Jakob

AU - Vestergaard, Martin Risom

AU - Partoft, Søren

AU - White, Jonathan

AU - Johansson, Pär Ingemar

N1 - Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Ltd and ISBI. All rights reserved.

PY - 2019/6

Y1 - 2019/6

N2 - Major burn surgery is often associated with excessive bleeding and massive transfusion, and the development of a coagulopathy during major burn surgery is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to review the literature on intraoperative haemostatic resuscitation of burn patients during necrectomy to reveal strategies applied for haemostatic monitoring and resuscitation. We searched PubMed, EMBASE, and CENTRAL for studies published in the period 2006-2017 concerning bleeding issues related to burn surgery i.e. coagulopathy, transfusion requirements and clinical outcomes. In a broad search, a total of 1375 papers were identified. 124 of these fulfilled the inclusion criteria, and six of these were included for review. The literature confirmed that transfusion requirements increases with burn injury severity and that haemostatic monitoring by TEG® (thrombelastography) or ROTEM® (rotational thromboelastometry) significantly decreased intraoperative transfusions and was useful in predicting and goal-directing haemostatic therapy during excision surgery. Resuscitation of bleeding during major burn surgery in many instances was neither standardized nor haemostatic. We suggest that resuscitation should aim for normal haemostasis during the bleeding phase through close haemostatic monitoring and resuscitation. Randomised controlled trials are highly warranted to confirm the benefit of this concept.

AB - Major burn surgery is often associated with excessive bleeding and massive transfusion, and the development of a coagulopathy during major burn surgery is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to review the literature on intraoperative haemostatic resuscitation of burn patients during necrectomy to reveal strategies applied for haemostatic monitoring and resuscitation. We searched PubMed, EMBASE, and CENTRAL for studies published in the period 2006-2017 concerning bleeding issues related to burn surgery i.e. coagulopathy, transfusion requirements and clinical outcomes. In a broad search, a total of 1375 papers were identified. 124 of these fulfilled the inclusion criteria, and six of these were included for review. The literature confirmed that transfusion requirements increases with burn injury severity and that haemostatic monitoring by TEG® (thrombelastography) or ROTEM® (rotational thromboelastometry) significantly decreased intraoperative transfusions and was useful in predicting and goal-directing haemostatic therapy during excision surgery. Resuscitation of bleeding during major burn surgery in many instances was neither standardized nor haemostatic. We suggest that resuscitation should aim for normal haemostasis during the bleeding phase through close haemostatic monitoring and resuscitation. Randomised controlled trials are highly warranted to confirm the benefit of this concept.

KW - Bleeding

KW - Haemostatic

KW - Resuscitation

KW - ROTEM

KW - Surgery

KW - TEG

U2 - 10.1016/j.burns.2018.08.024

DO - 10.1016/j.burns.2018.08.024

M3 - Review

VL - 45

SP - 755

EP - 762

JO - Burns

JF - Burns

SN - 0305-4179

IS - 4

ER -

ID: 55402907