Malnutrition prevalence according to GLIM and its feasibility in geriatric patients: a prospective cross-sectional study

Maria Enge, Frida Ostonen Peelen, Rikke Lundsgaard Nielsen, Anne Marie Beck, Ann Ödlund Olin, Tommy Cederholm, Anne-Marie Boström, Ingvild Paur*

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde

Abstract

PURPOSE: In 2019, the Global Leadership Initiative on Malnutrition (GLIM) suggested a 2-step diagnostic format for malnutrition including screening and diagnosis. Prospective validation and feasibility studies, using the complete set of the five GLIM criteria, are needed. The aims of this study were to determine the prevalence of malnutrition, and investigate how the prevalence varied with mode of screening. Furthermore, we assessed the feasibility of GLIM in geriatric patients.

METHODS: Consecutive patients from two acute geriatric wards were included. For screening risk of malnutrition, the Mini Nutritional Assessment-Short Form (MNA-SF) or Malnutrition Screening Tool (MST) were used. In accordance with GLIM, a combination of phenotypic and etiologic criteria were required for the diagnosis of malnutrition. Feasibility was determined based on % data completeness, and above 80% completeness was considered feasible.

RESULTS: One hundred patients (mean age 82 years, 58% women) were included. After screening with MNA-SF malnutrition was confirmed by GLIM in 51%, as compared with 35% after screening with MST (p = 0.039). Corresponding prevalence was 58% with no prior screening. Using hand grip strength as a supportive measure for reduced muscle mass, 69% of the patients were malnourished. Feasibility varied between 70 and 100% for the different GLIM criteria, with calf circumference as a proxy for reduced muscle mass having the lowest feasibility.

CONCLUSION: In acute geriatric patients, the prevalence of malnutrition according to GLIM varied depending on the screening tool used. In this setting, GLIM appears feasible, besides for the criterion of reduced muscle mass.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftEuropean Journal of Nutrition
Vol/bind63
Udgave nummer3
Sider (fra-til)927-938
Antal sider12
ISSN1436-6207
DOI
StatusUdgivet - apr. 2024

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