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Male Sexual and Reproductive Health-Does the Urologist Have a Role in Addressing Gender Inequality in Life Expectancy?

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@article{d42d73e89d6b4673a10eefad188b9508,
title = "Male Sexual and Reproductive Health-Does the Urologist Have a Role in Addressing Gender Inequality in Life Expectancy?",
abstract = "Despite considerable public health initiatives in the past century, there remains a significant gender inequality in life expectancy. The Global Burden of Diseases study has highlighted that the life expectancy for men is 70.5years, compared with 75.6years for women. This discrepancy in mortality appears to be related to a disproportionately higher number of preventable and premature male deaths. Whilst there has been an increased focus on men's health, as evidenced by the establishment of men's health charities and governmental legislation promoting equality, a recent World Health Organization report has highlighted that there is still a prevailing misconception that the higher rate of premature mortality amongst men is a natural phenomenon. We explore the association of male sexual and reproductive health-related diseases and the potential role of a urologist in addressing gender inequality in life expectancy. PATIENT SUMMARY: In this report, we discuss the causes for the gender gap in life expectancy and highlight that men continue to have a higher rate of premature death than women, which is associated with diseases of the male reproductive system. Furthermore, this not only appears to be related to a number of metabolic and lifestyle factors, but may also be the result of the increased risk of cancer in men with sexual and reproductive health-related diseases.",
keywords = "Androgen deprivation, Cardiovascular disease, Diabetes, Gender gap, Life expectancy, Male infertility, Metabolic syndrome, Prostate cancer, Testosterone late-onset hypogonadism, Testosterone replacement therapy",
author = "Tharu Tharakan and Carlo Bettocchi and Joana Carvalho and Giovanni Corona and Joensen, {Ulla N} and Hugh Jones and Ates Kadioglu and {Mart{\'i}nez Salamanca}, {Juan I} and Serefoglu, {Ege C} and Paolo Verze and Julie Darraugh and Karin Plass and James N'Dow and Andrea Salonia and Suks Minhas and {EAU Working Group on Male Sexual and Reproductive Health}",
note = "Copyright {\circledC} 2019 European Association of Urology. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.",
year = "2020",
doi = "10.1016/j.euf.2019.10.009",
language = "English",
journal = "European Urology Focus",
issn = "2405-4569",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Male Sexual and Reproductive Health-Does the Urologist Have a Role in Addressing Gender Inequality in Life Expectancy?

AU - Tharakan, Tharu

AU - Bettocchi, Carlo

AU - Carvalho, Joana

AU - Corona, Giovanni

AU - Joensen, Ulla N

AU - Jones, Hugh

AU - Kadioglu, Ates

AU - Martínez Salamanca, Juan I

AU - Serefoglu, Ege C

AU - Verze, Paolo

AU - Darraugh, Julie

AU - Plass, Karin

AU - N'Dow, James

AU - Salonia, Andrea

AU - Minhas, Suks

AU - EAU Working Group on Male Sexual and Reproductive Health

N1 - Copyright © 2019 European Association of Urology. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

PY - 2020

Y1 - 2020

N2 - Despite considerable public health initiatives in the past century, there remains a significant gender inequality in life expectancy. The Global Burden of Diseases study has highlighted that the life expectancy for men is 70.5years, compared with 75.6years for women. This discrepancy in mortality appears to be related to a disproportionately higher number of preventable and premature male deaths. Whilst there has been an increased focus on men's health, as evidenced by the establishment of men's health charities and governmental legislation promoting equality, a recent World Health Organization report has highlighted that there is still a prevailing misconception that the higher rate of premature mortality amongst men is a natural phenomenon. We explore the association of male sexual and reproductive health-related diseases and the potential role of a urologist in addressing gender inequality in life expectancy. PATIENT SUMMARY: In this report, we discuss the causes for the gender gap in life expectancy and highlight that men continue to have a higher rate of premature death than women, which is associated with diseases of the male reproductive system. Furthermore, this not only appears to be related to a number of metabolic and lifestyle factors, but may also be the result of the increased risk of cancer in men with sexual and reproductive health-related diseases.

AB - Despite considerable public health initiatives in the past century, there remains a significant gender inequality in life expectancy. The Global Burden of Diseases study has highlighted that the life expectancy for men is 70.5years, compared with 75.6years for women. This discrepancy in mortality appears to be related to a disproportionately higher number of preventable and premature male deaths. Whilst there has been an increased focus on men's health, as evidenced by the establishment of men's health charities and governmental legislation promoting equality, a recent World Health Organization report has highlighted that there is still a prevailing misconception that the higher rate of premature mortality amongst men is a natural phenomenon. We explore the association of male sexual and reproductive health-related diseases and the potential role of a urologist in addressing gender inequality in life expectancy. PATIENT SUMMARY: In this report, we discuss the causes for the gender gap in life expectancy and highlight that men continue to have a higher rate of premature death than women, which is associated with diseases of the male reproductive system. Furthermore, this not only appears to be related to a number of metabolic and lifestyle factors, but may also be the result of the increased risk of cancer in men with sexual and reproductive health-related diseases.

KW - Androgen deprivation

KW - Cardiovascular disease

KW - Diabetes

KW - Gender gap

KW - Life expectancy

KW - Male infertility

KW - Metabolic syndrome

KW - Prostate cancer

KW - Testosterone late-onset hypogonadism

KW - Testosterone replacement therapy

U2 - 10.1016/j.euf.2019.10.009

DO - 10.1016/j.euf.2019.10.009

M3 - Review

JO - European Urology Focus

JF - European Urology Focus

SN - 2405-4569

ER -

ID: 58622950