Lower Recurrence Rates of Atrial Fibrillation and MACE Events After Early Compared to Late Ablation: A Danish Nationwide Register Study

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Guidelines recommend prioritizing treatment with antiarrhythmic drugs before referral of patients with atrial fibrillation to ablation, delaying a potential subsequent ablation. However, delaying ablation may affect ablation outcomes. We sought to investigate the impact of duration from diagnosis to ablation on the risk of atrial fibrillation recurrence and adverse events.

METHODS AND RESULTS: Using Danish nationwide registries, all patients with first-time ablation for atrial fibrillation were identified and included from 2010 to 2018. Patients were divided into 4 groups by diagnosis-to-ablation time: <1.0 year (early ablation), 1.0 to 1.9 years, 2.0 to 2.9 years, and >2.9 years (late ablation). The primary end point was atrial fibrillation recurrence after the 90-day blanking period, defined by admission for atrial fibrillation, cardioversions, use of antiarrhythmic drugs, or repeat atrial fibrillation ablations. The secondary end point was a composite end point of heart failure, ischemic stroke, or death, and each event individually. The study cohort consisted of 7705 patients. The 5-year cumulative incidence of atrial fibrillation recurrence in the 4 groups was 42.9%, 54.8%, 55.9%, and 58.4%, respectively. Hazard ratios were 1.20 (95% CI, 1.07-1.35), 1.29 (95% CI, 1.13-1.47), and 1.40 (95% CI, 1.28-1.53), respectively, with the early ablation group as reference. The hazard ratio for the combined secondary end point was 1.22 (95% CI, 1.04-1.44) in the late ablation group compared with the early ablation group.

CONCLUSIONS: In patients undergoing ablation for atrial fibrillation, early ablation was associated with a significantly lower risk of atrial fibrillation recurrence. Furthermore, the associated risk of heart failure, ischemic stroke, or death was significantly lower in early-compared with late-ablation patients.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummere032722
TidsskriftJournal of the American Heart Association
Vol/bind13
Udgave nummer7
Sider (fra-til)e032722
ISSN2047-9980
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2 apr. 2024

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