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Region Hovedstaden - en del af Københavns Universitetshospital
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Low revision rate despite poor functional outcome after stemmed hemiarthroplasty for acute proximal humeral fractures: 2,750 cases reported to the Danish Shoulder Arthroplasty Registry

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Background and purpose - The revision rate of stemmed hemiarthroplasty (SHA) for acute proximal humeral fractures is low, but does not necessarily reflect the functional outcome. We report the revision rate of SHA for acute proximal humeral fractures and the proportion of arthroplasties that are not revised despite low functional outcome scores. Patients and methods - The Danish Shoulder Arthroplasty Registry was used to identify all patients with a proximal humeral fracture that was treated with a SHA between January 1, 2006 and December 31, 2015. Information on demographics, surgical procedures, and revisions was collected by the registry. The Western Ontario Osteoarthritis of the Shoulder (WOOS) index at 1 year was used as functional outcome score. We converted the score to a percentage of a maximum score with 100 being the best. Results - 2,750 SHAs in 2,719 patients were included. Mean age was 72 years (SD 11); 79% were women. Mean WOOS at 1 year was 55 (SD 26). A total of 101 (4%) arthroplasties were revised, and the 10-year cumulative implant survival rate was 95%. The Cox regression model showed a statistically significant impact on implant survival of age, but not of sex or arthroplasty brand. A WOOS score below 30 and 50 was reported in 11% and 25% of patients, respectively. Interpretation - We found a high implant survival rate, but also a high proportion of patients with a low functional outcome score 1 year after surgery.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftActa Orthopaedica
Vol/bind90
Udgave nummer3
Sider (fra-til)196-201
Antal sider6
ISSN1745-3674
DOI
StatusUdgivet - jun. 2019

ID: 59136793