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Region Hovedstaden - en del af Københavns Universitetshospital
E-pub ahead of print

Long-term behavioral changes during the COVID-19 pandemic and impact of vaccination in patients with inflammatory rheumatic diseases

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelpeer review

DOI

  1. Is Real-world Evidence Really Real?

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelpeer review

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OBJECTIVE: To explore anxiety and self-isolation in patients with inflammatory rheumatic disease (IRD) 15 months into the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, including attitudes toward and effects of SARS-CoV-2 vaccination.

METHODS: A nationwide online survey was conducted at 3 timepoints: May 2020, November 2020, and May 2021. Patients with IRD followed in the Danish Rheumatology Quality Registry (DANBIO) were asked about the effects of the pandemic, including SARS-CoV-2 infection and their behavior, anxiety, and concerns. The May 2021 survey included attitudes toward SARS-CoV-2 and influenza vaccination. Characteristics associated with self-isolation in May 2021 were explored with adjusted logistic regression analyses that included patient characteristics and SARS-CoV-2 vaccination status.

RESULTS: Respondents to surveys 1, 2, and 3 included 12,789; 14,755; and 13,921 patients, respectively; 64% had rheumatoid arthritis and 63% were female. Anxiety and concerns were highest in May 2020 and decreased to stable levels in November 2020 and May 2021; 86%, 50%, and 52% of respondents reported self-isolation, respectively. In May 2021, 4% of respondents self-reported previous SARS-CoV-2 infection. The SARS-CoV-2 vaccine acceptance rate was 86%, and the proportion of patients vaccinated against influenza had increased from 50% in winter 2019-2020 to 64% in winter 2020-2021. The proportion of patients with anxiety appeared similar among those vaccinated and unvaccinated against SARS-CoV-2. In multivariable analyses, being unvaccinated, female gender, receiving biologic drugs, and poor quality of life were independently associated with self-isolation.

CONCLUSION: Levels of anxiety and self-isolation decreased after the initial lockdown period in patients with IRD. Half of the patients reported self-isolation in May 2021, a phase that included widespread reopening of society and large-scale vaccination. The lack of prepandemic data prevented a full understanding of the longterm effects of the pandemic on anxiety and self-isolation in patients with IRD.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftJournal of Rheumatology
ISSN0315-162X
DOI
StatusE-pub ahead of print - 15 jun. 2022

ID: 78633262